Santa Cruz River (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (39 Records)

Archaeological Investigations at AZ BB:13:16(ASM)-Locus F, Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation, San Xavier District, Pima County, Arizona: Photos (2001)
IMAGE Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd..

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) assisted the San Xavier District of the Tohono O'odham Nation with the construction of an extension of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) pipeline on reservation lands along the Santa Cruz River. The pipeline corridor crosses Loci F and H of AZ BB:13:16(ASM), a Hohokam occupation zone with many pithouses and other structures, varied pits, trash areas, and possibly human remains. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) provided the labor,...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ BB:13:16(ASM)-Locus F, Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation, San Xavier District, Pima County, Arizona: Report (2001)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Margaret Glass.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) assisted the San Xavier District of the Tohono O'odham Nation with the construction of an extension of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) pipeline on reservation lands along the Santa Cruz River. The pipeline corridor crosses Loci F and H of AZ BB:13:16(ASM), a Hohokam occupation zone with many pithouses and other structures, varied pits, trash areas, and possibly human remains. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) provided the labor,...


Archaeological Investigations of Early Village Sites in the Middle Santa Cruz Valley, Analyses and Synthesis, Part I (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

A series of archaeological investigations were conducted from 1993 to 1995 at four prehistoric sites in the middle Santa Cruz Valley. This fieldwork was part of the Arizona Department of Transportation's archaeological mitigation program of the Interstate 10 Corridor Improvement Project through Tucson, Arizona. The sites included the remains of three early farming settlements--the Santa Cruz Bend (AZ AA:12:746 [ASM]), Square Hearth (AZ AA:12:745 [ASM]), and Stone Pipe (AZ BB:13:425 [ASM])...


Archaeological Monitoring of Geological Test Trenches on the San Xavier District, Tohono O'odham Nation, Pima County, Arizona. San Xavier Farm Rehabilitation Project (1995)
DOCUMENT Full-Text C. Scott Crownover.

This document is part of the San Xavier Farm Rehabilitation Project. Additional entries related to this project can be found at the following link: https://core.tdar.org/collection/27482 At the request of Tom Lincoln, chief archaeologist for the US Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted monitoring in conjunction with a Reclamation investigation on the San Xavier Farm Cooperative, south of Tucson, Arizona. The purpose of the monitoring was...


Archaeological Monitoring of Sinkhole Repair Excavations for the San Xavier Farm, San Xavier District, Tohono O'odham Nation (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text C. Scott Crownover.

At the request of the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) monitored backhoe excavations on the San Xavier District (San Xavier) of the Tohono O'odham Nation in support of the Santa Cruz Bank Stabilization Project. Located north of the San Xavier District Co-op Farm headquarters, the excavations involved removal then recompaction of sediments in two adjacent sinkholes. The purpose of the monitoring was to identify, record, and evaluate any...


Archaeological Recovery of Skeletal Remains for the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Santa Cruz River Bank Stabilization Project, San Xavier District, Tohono O'odham Nation, Tucson, Arizona (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text C. Scott Crownover.

In the course of the Santa Cruz River Bank Stabilization Project, Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) and San Xavier District personnel identified human remains exposed in the Santa Cruz river bank which would be impacted by the construction. At the request of Reclamation, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd (ACS), recovered the remains in a manner consistent with the wishes of the local community, as well as addressing scientific standards. Four inhumations, one cremation, a single...


An Archaeological Survey of the Santa Cruz River Valley from the Headwaters to the Town of Tubac in Arizona (1941)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Edward Bridge Danson.

The Santa Cruz River is located in south-central Arizona in the Santa Cruz and Pima Counties. A short stretch of the rivers lies in northern Sonora and forms a big horseshoe bend as the river cuts across the foot of the Patagonia Mountains from the San Rafael Valley into the Santa Cruz Valley proper. In the San Rafael Valley, where the headwaters of the river are found, the Santa Cruz passes few towns or villages. The first one is Lochiel, a small cluster of houses on the International...


Archaic Occupation on the Santa Cruz Flats: The Tator Hills Archaeological Project (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

This report describes the results of archaeological investigations undertaken northeast and in the vicinity of the Tator Hills at the southern edge of the Santa Cruz Flats. The archaeological investigations were funded by the Bureau of Reclamation, Arizona Projects Office, and identified as Tasks 43 and 45 of Contract 3-PA-30-00740. The work was conducted to mitigate the impact to prehistoric resources in the construction of the Central Arizona Irrigation and Drainage District, Central Unit IV...


A Block Clustering Approach to the Definition of Site Classes: San Xavier Archaeological Project (1985)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeffrey H. Altschul. Martin R. Rose.

The San Xavier Archaeological Project conducted an intensive survey of more than 18 square miles in the southern portion of the Tucson Basin. In all, 150 sites were recorded, of which 147 dated at least in part to either the prehistoric or protohistoric periods. One of the primary goals of the project was to determine the types of sites located in the project area and to examine the relationships between the various site types. Traditionally, archaeologists define site types from surface data on...


A Class III Archaeological Survey of the Phase B Corridor, Tucson Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Christian E. Downum. Adrianne G. Rankin. Jon S. Czaplicki.

The Cultural Resource Management Division of the Arizona State Museum conducted an intensive Class III survey and testing program for the Phase B portion of the Tucson Aqueduct. Archaeologists surveyed 3,370 ha and identified 47 archaeological sites and 8 nonsites. Site types recorded included 4 Archaic camps, 2 Hohokam villages, 6 Hohokam farmstead-field houses, 28 limited-activity sites, 4 quarries, and 3 Protohistoric sites. Of the 47 identified sites, 24 were recommended for data recovery.


Classic Period Occupation on the Santa Cruz Flats: The Santa Cruz Flats Archaeological Project, Part 1 (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

This report presents the results of archaeological investigations at 13 prehistoric sites located on the Santa Cruz Flats. The investigations were sponsored by the Bureau of Reclamation in order to mitigate the impact to prehistoric resources in the construction of the Central Arizona Irrigation and Drainage District, Central Unit II and III irrigation systems. These systems are located southwest of Interstate 10, south and west of Eloy, Arizona, south and east of Arizona City, Arizona, and...


Classic Period Occupation on the Santa Cruz Flats: The Santa Cruz Flats Archaeological Project, Part 2 (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

This document contains the specialized analyses and syntheses of archaeological data recovered during the excavation of sites on the Santa Cruz Flats. The investigations were sponsored by the Bureau of Reclamation in order to mitigate the impact to prehistoric resources in the construction of the Central Arizona Irrigation and Drainage District, Central Unit II and III irrigation systems. These systems are located southwest of Interstate 10, south and west of Eloy, Arizona, south and east of...


Down by the River: Archaeological and Historical Studies of the Leon Family Farmstead (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text J. Homer Thiel.

A brief cultural background of the Tucson Basin and a set of research questions that guided work at BB:13:157 and BB:13:505 have been presented in Chapter 1. The work at prehistoric sites is presented in Chapter 2, while Chapter 3 chronicles the history of the Leon family and their property. Excavations at the Leon farmstead and the adjacent historic period canal are described in Chapter 4. The historic-period artifacts recovered from the Leon farmstead are examined in Chapter 5. Chapter 6...


An Examination of the Relationship Between Data Recording Strategies and Intrasite Spatial Analysis: San Xavier Archaeological Project (1985)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeffrey H. Altschul. Martin R. Rose.

During the course of the San Xavier Archaeological Project over 18 square miles in the southern Tucson Basin were intensively surveyed. This work resulted in the recording of 150 sites, of which 147 contained components dated to either the prehistoric or protohistoric periods. In a previous study (Altschul and Rose, Statistical Research Technical Series 3) block cluster analysis was used to derive a site classification. Each site with a prehistoric and/or protohistoric component was classified...


Excavations in the Santa Cruz Floodplain: Further Investigations at Los Pozos (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David A. Gregory. Michelle N. Stevens. Fred L. Nials. Mark R. Schurr. Michael W. Diehl.

The current volume, the third of four, acts as a final report for the excavations that were conducted at Los Pozos, AZ AA:12:91 (ASM) in the fall of 1998. Hoping to build on earlier work conducted by Desert Archaeology at other Early Agricultural period sites along the Santa Cruz, these volumes combine data with those from both seasons at Los Pozos and those garnered from Las Capas to explore the implications of this total body of work for current understanding of this important and lengthy...


Hohokam Archaeology Along Phase B of the Tucson Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume 1: Syntheses and Interpretations (1989)
DOCUMENT Full-Text John C. Ravesloot.

This is the first of five volumes that report the results of the Tucson Aqueduct Phase B Project, The excavation was funded by the United States Bureau of Reclamation under Contract No, 6-CS-30-03500 from December 1985 to December 1988, Volume 1 presents syntheses and interpretations of the analyses that resulted from the investigation of 13 Hohokam sites in the Avra Valley west of Tucson, Arizona, The Tucson Aqueduct Phase B Project involved excavation or surface collection and mapping of...


Hohokam Archaeology Along Phase B of the Tucson Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume 2: Excavations at Fastimes (AZ AA:12:384) A Rillito Phase site in the Avra Valley (1988)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

In 1986 archaeologists from the Cultural Resource Management Division of the Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, excavated a Rillito phase Hohokam settlement that lay in the path of the Tucson Aqueduct Phase B, Central Arizona Project. The site, AZ AA:12:384, nicknamed "Fastimes," was located northwest of Tucson at the northern end of the Avra Valley, some 6,7 km southwest of the Santa Cruz River. Trenching and stripping revealed 96 features, including at least 30 pit houses....


Hohokam Archaeology Along Phase B of the Tucson Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume 3: Excavations at Water World (AZ AA:16:94) A Rillito Phase Ballcourt Village in the Avra Valley (1989)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

During 1986 and 1987 archaeologists from the Cultural Resource Management Division, Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, excavated a Rillito phase Hohokam settlement that lay in the right-of-way for the Tucson Aqueduct Phase B, Central Arizona Project. Known as Water World (AZ AA:l6:94 ASM), the site is located at the southern end of the Avra Valley on the distal end of a lower bajada of the Tucson Mountains. One hundred and forty-seven features were identified by backhoe trenching and...


Hohokam Archaeology Along Phase B of the Tucson Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume 4: Small Sites and Specialized Reports (1989)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

Volume 4 of the Tucson Aqueducet Phase B project, the fourth in a series of five reports, describes the results of the investigations at all archaeological sites other than the two large Rillito phase settlements Water World and Fastimes. It reports the results of excavations at 11 sites: four limited activity sites (AZ AA:12:383, AA:l2:465, AA:l2:481, and AA:l2:484, better known as Hawk's Nest); two farmstead-field house sites (AZ AA:l6:97 and AA:l6:161); a probable protohistoric site (AZ...


Hohokam Archaeology Along Phase B of the Tucson Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume 5: Data Appendixes for AZ AA:12:384 (Fastimes), AZ AA 16:94 (Water World), AZ AA:12:484 (Hawk's Nest), and AZ AA:16:161 (1989)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jon S. Czaplicki. John C. Ravesloot.

This volume is the last of five volumes that report results of the Tucson Aqueduct Phase B Project. The excavation was funded by the United States Bureau of Reclamation under Contract No. 6-CS-30-03500 from December 1985 to June 1989. Volume 5 presents provenience data for various artifact and non-artifact materials recovered from the excavations and discussed in Volumes 1, 2, 3, and 4.


Las Capas: Early Irrigation and Sedentism in a Southwestern Floodplain (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

In 1998, Desert Archaeology, Inc., personnel conducted archaeological data recovery fieldwork at the request of the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) for a redesigned on-ramp to the Interstate 10 (I-10) highway in the western Tucson Basin, southern Arizona. The investigated areas were within the boundaries of Las Capas, AZ AA:12:111 (ASM), a 50-hectare (123-acre) stratified site buried in the former floodplain of the Santa Cruz River. Radiocarbon dates from 46 samples of maize and...


Limited Subsurface Testing at Two Locations on the San Xavier District Prior to the Santa Cruz River Bank Stabilization Project, Tohono O'odham Nation, Pima County, Arizona (1996)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David Doyel. Bruce G. Phillips.

At the request of the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted limited subsurface testing in two areas prior to proposed stabilization along the Santa Cruz River bank in support of the San Xavier Santa Cruz River Bank Stabilization Project. The subsurface testing took place in two arroyos on the west bank of the river downstream from the San Xavier Bridge, which crosses the Santa Cruz River at San Xavier Road. These sizable arroyos, which...


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR SAMPLES FROM SITES AZ AA:12:91/103, AZ AA:12:111, AND AZ AA:12:788 FOR THE PIMA COUNTY INTERCONNECT PROJECT, ARIZONA (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

Samples from canal features at sites AZ AA:12:91/103, AZ AA:12:111, and AZ AA:12:788 were submitted for macrofloral analysis. Charcoal and charred botanic remains selected from the macrofloral samples were then submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating. These sites were excavated during Phase 2 recovery for the Pima County Interconnect Project along the Santa Cruz River in southern Arizona. Macrofloral analysis will be used to provide information concerning plant resources utilized by the site...


Mapping and Survey of Cultural Resources on the Martinez Ranch Property near San Xavier District, Tohono O’odham Nation, Arizona
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

This project was done on land purchased by the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) to conduct the Santa Cruz Bank Stabilization Project. Entries related to that project can be found at the following link: https://core.tdar.org/collection/27554 Reclamation has identified approximately 22.5 acres of land on the Martinez Ranch for Class III (intensive) cultural resource survey. The survey area, located on both sides of the Santa Cruz River channel, was purchased by Reclamation in 1996 as part of...


Mapping and Survey of Cultural Resources on the Martinez Ranch Property near San Xavier District, Tohono O’odham Nation, Arizona: Photo Log (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd..

This project was done on land purchased by the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) to conduct the Santa Cruz Bank Stabilization Project. Entries related to that project can be found at the following link: https://core.tdar.org/collection/27554 Reclamation has identified approximately 22.5 acres of land on the Martinez Ranch for Class III (intensive) cultural resource survey. The survey area, located on both sides of the Santa Cruz River channel, was purchased by Reclamation in 1996 as part of...