3D (Other Keyword)

1-25 (28 Records)

The 3D Digitization of the World Trade Center Wreck (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Dostal.

Accurate documentation of cultural heritage materials is the lynchpin for all aspects of archaeological investigation. When it comes to the reconstruction and interpretation of shipwrecks, this is especially true. The more accurate and true to life the documentation is, the more accurate the interpretation and reconstruction of a ship will be. The methods by which ships have been documented have evolved rapidly over the years, though each new and innovative method is tied to foundational...


3D Geometric Morphometry of Western Stemmed Projectile Points from the Columbia River Plateau (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Loren Davis. Alex Nyers. Daniel Bean.

We describe a digital 3D geometric morphometry approach that employs GIS-based routines to extract information about the form of Western Stemmed Tradition projectile points from sites located in the Columbia River Plateau of the Pacific Northwest. These data are used to describe a number of novel morphometric measures and to compare the design characteristics of regional early stemmed projectile points. We explore issues of artifact use, rejuvenation and repair and how these aspects can be...


3D Learning at Kingsley Plantation and the St. Augustine Lighthouse: Incorporating 3D Technology Into FPAN Public Archaeology Outreach (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kevin A Gidusko. Sarah Miller.

An important aspect of public archaeology efforts is the need to utilize new, innovative methods to engage a changing public. The use of 3D modeling and printing technology currently offers a novel approach to improve extant methods of public interaction. This paper discusses FPAN’s efforts to incorporate 3D technology into public outreach, especially via inclusion into curricula already in use by the network. "Investigating a Tabby Slave Cabin" and "Investigating a Light Station," part of...


3D Modeling – Breakthrough or Fad? Bronze Age Towers in Oman and Excavations of an Aksumite Town in Ethiopia (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Harrower. Kathleen M. O'Meara. Ioana A. Dumitru. Clara J. Hickman. Jacob L. Bongers.

Three-Dimensional modeling is rapidly transforming reconstruction, visualization and conceptualization of ancient architecture. Many archaeologists are enthusiastic about 3D modeling and implementation of 3D methodologies has been rapid; others remain skeptical that the outcomes of 3D modeling justify the time and resources expended. This paper considers the strengths, weaknesses, and future prospects of 3D models. We discuss results of two projects that used photogrammetry and advanced GPS to...


3D Modelling and Interactive Mapping of Historic Shipwreck Sites (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael J Postons.

Recent developments in technology have made the process of recording terrestrial archaeological sites a much more digital affair.  The same can now be said for underwater historical sites such as shipwrecks.  This paper will explore through a number of UK and US projects carried out during 2012, showing how shipwrecks can be mapped and modelled in 3D, the process involved, and the exciting public outreach formats that can be created.  From web based interactive 3D shipwreck tours, to game-engine...


3D-Scans und 3D-Drucke in der Musikarchäologie. Möglichkeiten und experimentalarchäologische Praxisbeispiele (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elias Flatscher. Michael Praxmarer. Wolfgang Recheis. Michael Schick.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the EXARC Bibliography, originally compiled by Roeland Paardekooper, and updated. Most of these records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us using the...


Bethel Cemetery Project: Procedures and protocols for structure from motion photogrammetry on historic burials (2018)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Alex Badillo.

This is a field manual that describes the procedures and protocols for 3D documentation of historic cemeteries using structure from motion photogrammetry.


A Case for Photogrammetry in Deepwater Archaeological Site Investigations (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Scott R Sorset.

This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Advances in software combined with modern high-end computing have made the ability to create highly accurate maps and models of deepwater shipwrecks a reality. The capacity to create scaled and measurable models restore one of the fundamental tenants of mapping sites in terrestrial archaeology, but in an environment that was previously restricted by cost, time, access, and accuracy....


Data and metadata definition of underwater 3D archaeological features (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matteo Lorenzini. Pier Giorgio Spanu.

The application of 3D technologies to archaeological research has been the subject of intense experimentation carried out by different scientific groups. Activity has focused in particular on the use of tools for the acquisition and  reconstruction of 3D archaeological features or sites. So far researchers' interest has been aimed mainly at the exploitation of the potential of 3D technologies for virtual reality and the visualization of archaeological features and artifacts, for which many good...


Deep Wrecks in 3D: AUV and ROV Laser and Sonar Scans of Deepwater Shipwrecks in the Gulf of Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Church. Daniel Warren. Robert Westrick.

In 2013 and 2014, C&C Technologies, Inc. joined a multidisciplinary team to examine the impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on deepwater shipwrecks in the Gulf of Mexico.  One of the primary components for C&C’s focus within this team was to collect AUV and ROV mounted 3D laser and sonar data of the wreck sites.  The shipwrecks ranged in date and type from nineteenth century wooden sailing vessels to twentieth century steel hull military and commercial vessels.  The water depths of these...


The Dyottville Glass Factory: Tracing the Evolution of the Dyottville Glass Works via Interactive 3D Reconstruction (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chester Cunanan.

This project focuses on the 3D recreation of the various stages of the Dyottville Glass Works located between Gunner’s Run and the Delaware River. The Dyottville Glass Works began in the early 19th century and eventually produced a large variety of well-known bottles, flasks and other items that were widely used. Working from a variety of illustrations, photographs and paintings, along with point cloud scans of the original foundations, we have created an interactive platform that lets users...


A Future for Photogrammetry: The Application of the Multi-Camera "SeaArray" to Visualize the Underwater Realm of the National Park Service (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brett Seymour. Evan Kovacs.

This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The field of underwater archeology has had few technological advancements with the potential to drastically change how we document, manage, and interpret underwater sites like photogrammetry. Currently the primary application continues to focus on single camera acquisition and the 3D reconstruction of specific isolated underwater features. In order to provide a lasting interpretive...


Geometric Morphometrics & Elliptic Fourier Analysis of 3D Ceramic Data (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Selden. Timothy Campbell. Suzanne Eckert. Michael O'Brien. Mara Vasconcelos.

We demonstrate two quantitative methods for potential inter- and intra-group comparisons of archaeological ceramics. For 3D morphometrics, we define a single stable landmark that is consistent throughout our ceramic data, and employ opposing curves populated by semi-landmarks to capitalize on the shape variation that occurs in coil-built ceramics. Eight such curves are used to capture four complete profiles. The landmark data are then subjected to generalized Procrustes analysis (GPA) and...


The Hunley Revealed: 3D Documentation, Deconcretion, and Recent Developments in the Investigation of the H.L. Hunley Submarine. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael P Scafuri.

Beginning in 2014, the conservation staff at Clemson University’s Warren Lasch Conservation Center (WLCC) in Charleston, South Carolina have been removing the marine concretion from the hull of the American Civil War submarine H. L. Hunley.  In parallel with this, the archaeological team has been documenting the condition of the hull, as well as the concretion layers and hull features revealed by the deconcretion process. This documentation has involved photography, direct measurements, and 3D...


John Jarvie Ranch: A Test Case for the Future of Public Interpretation (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chris Merritt. Edward Gonzalez-Tennant. Chase Roberts. Diana Gonzalez-Tennant.

This is a poster submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Tucked into the northeast corner of Utah, and along the Green River and the Outlaw Trail frequented by the likes of Butch Cassidy, the John Jarvie Ranch is managed by the Bureau of Land Management, Vernal Field Office as a public interpretive site. In 2019, the Utah Division of State History and Digital Heritage Interactive, LLC initiated a project to assist the BLM in a multi-pronged...


Mapping and 3D Modeling of a Terminal Postclassic Site in the Northern Yucatán (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rebekah Vermillion. Miguel Delgado Ku. Timothy Hare.

During our 2016 field season, we mapped and created 3D models of several sites in the Northern Yucatán that were scheduled for destruction due to highway expansion. We used unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs/drones) to carry photographic equipment to collect both vertical and oblique photos of the site. The resulting photos were processed in photogrammetric software to generate an orthorectified photo mosaic and a 3D model of the entire area. These products were integrated into a GIS to facilitate...


MayaArch3D: 2D and 3D Visualization and Analysis Platform (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lukas Loos. Michael Auer. Nicolas Billen. Alexander Zipf.

A central goal of the MayaArch3D project is to provide archaeologists with a research platform for the spatio-temporal visualization and analysis of 2D and 3D data over the World Wide Web. To do this we are developing a web-based Geographic Information System (GIS). The client side of our application builds on top of the open-source geomajas 2D web GIS framework and consists of three central components. First, an interface for working with 2D data from different sources and formats. Second, a...


Practical and Affordable Alternatives to Terrestrial Laser Scanning (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ted Parsons.

3D modeling to document artifacts, features, and sites is commonplace in archaeology today. The use of terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) is the standard for creating 3D models. The limitation of this type of scanning is that the units are bulky and expensive, and archaeological work is often done in remote locales under limited budgets. I present information on portable, affordable, and easily implemented alternatives to TLS. Three scanning methods are assessed: photo modeling using Agisoft’s...


Raising Alexandria: 3D Re-creation of 18th and 19th Century Landscape Development and Use on the Alexandria Waterfront. (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Vincent Gallacci.

This is an abstract from the "Rebuilding The Alexandria Waterfront: Urban Landscape Development and Modifications" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Recent excavations along the waterfront in Alexandria revealed a myriad of large, intact features including wharves, warehouses, domestic structures, and the Pioneer Mill. Photogrammetry was used to create 3D models of several of the individual features. This paper will briefly discuss some of the...


Repatriation Collaborations Using 3D Technology: The Smithsonian-Tlingit Experience (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric Hollinger. Edwell John Jr.. Robert Starbard.

Smithsonian repatriation efforts have resulted in close consultation and collaboration with tribes and Alaskan Native communities that have enabled exploration of museum resources and shared interests taking the communities and the Institution far beyond what was envisioned by most when the repatriation legislation was first enacted. In particular, the Tlingit Dakhl'aweidi clan and the Hoonah Indian Association have worked with the National Museum of Natural History to pilot collaborations using...


Simulating the past - The use of 3D technologies in archaeology (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nada Hosking.

To deal with the destructive nature of archaeological excavations, today’s archaeologists are using new technologies to create 3D records of not only the archaeological sites, but also the archaeological process. This project explores how photogrammetry and 3D modelling can support theoretical approaches to the phenomena and processes by which Palaeolithic out-of-context imagery, especially that which is engraved, is produced. Using 3D technologies can allow researchers to simulate a variety of...


Stone tools from the outside: correlating object mass and shape (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amy Fox.

This poster describes a novel high-resolution 3D geometric morphometric outline method that is able to describe object shape in great detail. Elliptical Fourier spherical harmonics - SPHARM –quantifies the shape of an object by producing values for the elliptical Fourier harmonic formula over multiple iterations of the object’s surface. This technique is applied to a series of handaxes from Wonderwerk Cave, South Africa, and the data is correlated with the volumetric research of Riddle and...


Three Dimensional Aggregate Flake Scar Analysis on Experimental Lithics, and Archaeological Lithics from Tabun Cave, Israel (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Hunstiger.

Dorsal flake scar directionality is used in lithic analysis to infer methods of core reduction and flake production. This has been done in two dimensions. This study analyzes flake scars at the assemblage level in three dimensions. I use both experimental assemblages (bifacial, blade, discoidal, and levallois) as well as archaeological samples from Tabun Cave, Israel, an important reference sequence (partly defined by scar patterning) for the Levantine Paleolithic. Experimental samples...


Through a Mirror, Darkly: Using Multi-Sensor Imaging Surveys as Basic Data for 3D Spatial Analysis of Cave and Open-Air Rock Art (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephen Yerka. Jan Simek. Alan Cressler.

This paper explores and compares how quantitative spatial analysis of cave and open-air rock art can be derived from high-resolution, multi-sensor 3D digital reconstructions. For this project, three different types of survey data were collected at four prehistoric cave and rock art sites within the southern Cumberland Plateau of eastern North America. The project survey methods include close-range photogrammetry, high-density laser scanning, and near-infrared (NIR) multispectral imagery. The...


UAV-based 3D Modeling of Excavations in Mayapán’s Periphery (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mitchell Grothaus. Zebulon Hart. Timothy Hare.

During our 2015 and 2016 field seasons, we mapped and created 3D models of numerous excavation sites in the region surrounding Mayapán in the Northern Yucatán. Complete horizontal excavations of several rural house groups were conducted. We used unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs/drones) to carry photographic equipment to collect both vertical and oblique photos as well as videos. The resulting images were processed in photogrammetric software to generate orthorectified airphoto mosaics and 3D...