WWII (Other Keyword)

1-25 (37 Records)

America’s Forgotten World War II Battlefield (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tane Renata Casserley. David W Alberg.

This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Beyond Monitor National Marine Sanctuary’s (MNMS) current boundaries off North Carolina lie waters associated with nearly 500 years of western maritime history and includes shipwrecks representing coastal heritage, American Civil War, U.S. naval aviation, World War I, and most prominently World War II (WWII). MNMS is proposing a boundary expansion to protect and honor these...


Archaeology and the Battle of the Atlantic: Approaches, Methods and Results of Studying and Underwater Battlefield (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joseph C Hoyt.

Seven years of focused research has been directed towards studying and characterizing WWII losses off the coast of North Carolina. During this time, NOAA has worked with multiple state, federal, academic and private sector partners to increase our understanding of this large collection of resources. This project evolved over time in both theoretical approaches as well as methodologies employed to collect data. Over the course of seven years an incredible amount of information has been uncovered:...


B-24 Liberator Aircraft: Survey Results and Partnerships for Upcoming Recovery Project (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Megan Lickliter-Mundon.

In 1944, factory workers and community members from Tulsa, OK financed the last B-24 Liberator built by the Tulsa Douglas Aircraft plant. They named her Tulsamerican, signed and wrote messages on her fuselage, and sent her to Europe with a part Tulsa crew. She crashed off the coast of Croatia after a bombing mission but was never forgotten as a WWII community icon. After imaging and preservation surveys in 2014 and 2015, researchers are now preparing for the recovery of remains and personal...


Battle of Midway: 2017's Exploration for Sunken Aircraft (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bert S. Ho. Kelly Gleason Keogh.

In May of 2017, the NPS' Submerged Resources Center and NOAA's Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument conducted an exploratory survey for sunken aircraft from WWII's Battle of Midway in June of 1942. What was found spanned the centuries of maritime activity at the Atoll including the battle. It also displayed on the seafloor all aspects of the military's long use of the island as a base, and their lasting impact on the island landscape. Today multiple federal agencies manage Midway as a...


Carpeted with Ammunition: Investigations of the Florence D shipwreck site, Northern Territory, Australia (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jason, T. Raupp. David Steinberg.

The American transport ship Florence D disappeared in the murky waters off of the Tiwi Islands after being bombed by Japanese fighter planes on their return from the first air attack on Darwin Harbour on 19 February 1942. Considered one Australia’s great wartime mysteries, the location of the site was unknown until discovered by a local fisherman in 2006. Archaeological investigations of the wreck later conducted by teams from the Northern Territory’s Heritage Branch verified the identity of the...


A Case Study in Collaborative Research: ECU’s 2019 Marshall Islands Field School (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeremy Borrelli. Nathan Richards. Jason, T. Raupp.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "East Carolina University Partnerships and Innovation with Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The 2019 ECU Program in Maritime Studies Fall Field School was a collaborative research project with the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) on sites located at Kwajalein Atoll. The primary focus of the project was the investigation of an archaeological site of interest to DPAA,...


Dauntless Protection: Managing the U.S. Navy Aircraft Wrecks of Lake Michigan (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Blair Atcheson. Alexis Catsambis.

This is a poster submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. From 1942 to 1945, the U.S. Navy conducted extensive Carrier Qualification Training in Lake Michigan. The training program was highly successful with only 120 aircraft lost in the lake, a considerably low number when taking into account the 120,000 successful landings and 35,000 pilots qualified. As a group, and individually, these wrecksites represent an important and unique piece of...


Developing Personhood: The discourse, experience, and material culture of children’s play activities in a WWII Japanese American Internment Camp (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only April Kamp-Whittaker.

Recent studies apply the concept of "personhood" to the archaeological record as part of the continuing attempt to understand the complexities of past societies by moving away from gross categories and instead examining socially constructed roles. This paper explores the application of "personhood" as a way to transcend a broadly defined focus on "children" or "childhood." Such generalizing terms can obscure the impact of gender, age, and other social or economic variables on children’s...


East Carolina University and Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency Partnership Projects in Saipan, CNMI (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer F McKinnon.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "East Carolina University Partnerships and Innovation with Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. ECU’s Program in Maritime Studies recently engaged in a partnership with the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency and their mission to recover lost service members from past wars. As part of that relationship, ECU hosted a two-year fellow, and took on several missions in both Europe and...


The Gila River Japanese American Incarceration Camp: Thinking With The Past (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Koji H. Ozawa.

Recent research on the World War II Japanese American Incarceration Camp at Gila River has provided both depth of knowledge to the subject and a forum for community engagement. Archaeology in particular has brought to light the diversity of experiences and the specific physical conditions of this displacement and confinement. Through a thorough examination of the context and materials of the Japanese American Incarceration, archaeological investigation can further our understanding of the...


Going Full Circle: ECU’s 2018 Archaeological Investigations into the Battle of Saipan (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Aleck Tan.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "East Carolina University Partnerships and Innovation with Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The 1944 Battle of Saipan resulted in many U.S. losses, including Douglass SBD Dauntless, F6F Hellcat, and TBF/M Avenger aircraft. In 2018, East Carolina University’s (ECU) Program in Maritime Studies held their summer field school as a DPAA-oriented mission to examine an...


Identifying Aircraft Artifacts Ex Situ: The Life History of an F4U Corsair (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hunter W. Whitehead.

This is an abstract from the "Developing Standard Methods, Public Interpretation, and Management Strategies on Submerged Military Archaeology Sites" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In 2016, representatives of Saiki, Japan presented an historical aircraft engine, propeller, and partial wing to the Naval History and Heritage Command (NHHC). The artifacts were discovered by accident some years prior when fishermen caught their nets on a submerged...


Individual and Collective Memory of WWII in the Pacific: How Can Archaeology Contribute? (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Toni Carrell. Jennifer F McKinnon.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Historical Memory, Archaeology, And The Social Experience Of Conflict and Battlefields" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In June and July of 1944, the US and Japan waged war on the island of Saipan. This battle not only included those combatants, but also the largest civilian population yet encountered. Most historical accounts are written from the perspective of the US or Japanese and largely ignore those...


Interpretive film and television public service announcements: documenting and protecting the Battle of Saipan (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer F McKinnon. Toni Carrell.

WWII in the Pacific is a particularly difficult subject as it consumed not just the world powers battling for water and land, but also the Indigenous and civilian communities whose island homes were the backdrop for the war. This paper illustrates the process of creating an interpretive film and public service announcements that are a multi-vocal and inclusive in their content and message. An 18-minute interpretive film about Saipan’s WWII underwater heritage and several short public service...


Kiska: Alaska’s Underwater Battlefield (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrew Pietruszka. Eric Terrill. Mark Moline. Heidi Batchelor. Eric Gallimore. Bob Hess. Andy Nager. Matthew Breece. Eric White.

This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In July 2018 members of Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the University of Delaware spent two weeks conducting an exploratory remote-sensing survey to locate and document WWII-era submerged archaeological sites in the waters off Kiska Island, Alaska, one of the last and most remote islands in the Aleutian chain. The often-forgotten Aleutian campaign was the sole WWII campaign...


Lost in Action, Navy's Missing Training and Experimental Aircraft: A NAS Pax River Case Study (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Agustin J Ortiz.

As part of NAS Pax Rivers heritage management responsibilities, Naval History and Heritage Command's Underwater Archaeology Branch (NHHC UAB) and partner entities have been conducting remote sensing surveys in the Chesapeake Bay and surrounding waters since 2015 in order to find its missing aircraft from the early 1940s and 1950s.  Several were lost at the advent of WWII as part of experimental testing, which lead to advancements in aircraft capabilities and flight safety. This paper will...


Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary Research on USS Arizona: 40+ Years of Hard Science (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Daniel J. Lenihan. Larry Murphy. Matthew A. Russell. Dave Conlin.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Hard Science on Hard Steel: Scientific Studies of the USS Arizona" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. This paper discusses the intellectual and managment rationales that have focused interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research on USS Arizona form more than 4 decades. The talk will focus on successes, lessons learned and pathways forward for the nex 40 years and then next generations of underwater...


The Navy’s Ultimate Piston-Engine Fighter: An Investigation of a Submerged Experimental Bearcat (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Agustin J Ortiz.

This is an abstract from the "Developing Standard Methods, Public Interpretation, and Management Strategies on Submerged Military Archaeology Sites" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. As a continuation of the Naval Air Station Patuxent River (NAS Patuxent River) Aircraft Survey, this paper will focus on the study of a submerged aircraft which may represent the first F8F Bearcat. Naval History and Heritage Command is continuing to research potential...


Partners in Research and Preservation for the Battle of the Atlantic: A Case Study in Programmatic Synergy (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David W Alberg.

ABSTRACT: Conducting long-term broad-scope projects have become increasingly difficult in ever-shrinking federal budgets and a slow economy. This reality has necessitated an all-inclusive approach, partnering with a wide range of institutions to achieve an end. Since the Battle of the Atlantic Project began in 2008, NOAAs Office of National Marine Sanctuaries has partnered with several internal line offices: Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Office of Coast Survey, Office of Marine and...


Patterns Of Preservation In WWII Aircraft And Their Importance (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Adrian Hunt.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Strides Towards Standard Methodologies in Aeronautical Archaeology" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The aircraft of World War II (WWII) provide the largest volume sample in aircraft archaeology with potential to investigate broad patterns. These aircraft represent both combat and training losses. Over 10,000 total planes were lost over the UK during this period and over 7,000 USAAF aircraft were lost in...


Prosthetic Memories, Finnish WWII Army Photographs and Online Commemoration (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tuuli Matila. Timo Ylimaunu. Paul R. Mullins.

This is an abstract from the "POSTER Session 2: Linking Historic Documents and Background Research in Archaeology" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. We will examine Finnish Army photographs from World War Two, that we argue, can shape Finnish views of the war. The photographs have been published in an online gallery, and have mnemonic potential beyond their use in scholarship. Images can be viewed as what Alison Landsberg calls "prosthetic...


Race, Health, and Hygiene in a World War II Japanese American Internment Camp (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stacey L. Camp.

During World War II, approximately 120,000 individuals of Japanese heritage were imprisoned in internment camps in the United States, with 2/3 of the prisoners holding American citizenship. This paper looks at health and hygiene related artifacts found at one such internment camp, the Kooskia Internment Camp, which was located in north Idaho and in operation from May 1943 to May 1945. Hygiene and health products mediated the racial boundaries between not only Anglo American officials and their...


The Sinking of HMAS Sydney: Consequences and Memory (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Claire P. Phelan. Janet Adamski.

This paper will examine the sinking of HMAS Sydney in the Indian Ocean on 19 November 1941, by the German raider, SV Kormoran. All hands on the Sydney were lost, a total of 635 men, one-third of the nation’s Navy. The fate of the Sydney has always remained controversial, due to the lack of survivors. Despite numerous attempts, investigators consistently failed to trace the wreckage of either ship until 2008, when the crew of SV Geosounder located both vessels, thus closing one of the most tragic...


The SS James Eagan Layne; The Liberty 70 Project, a Catalyst for Conversation in Submerged Cultural Heritage (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mike W. Williams. Mallory R. Haas.

The wreck of the SS James Eagan Layne (JEL) has been a diving site since 1954, due to her masts still visible above the water. She is known to be the most dived wreck in the UK and was subject to early salvaging from divers who thought it fair game. Which is a frame of thinking in British diving culture then and today. Plymouth, the location of the JEL is the birthplace of South West diving at Fort Bovisand, and as such the SHIPS Project, a non-governmental organization started the Liberty 70...


Subsea Mudflows and Moving Shipwrecks: Submerged Cultural Resource Management on the Mississippi River Delta Front (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melanie Damour. Douglas Jones. Jason Chaytor.

This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. On May 12, 1942, the 500-foot-long, steel-hulled tanker Virginia was sunk by the German U-boat U-507 off the Mississippi River’s Southwest Pass. The shipwreck was discovered in nearly 300 feet of water during a 2001 oil and gas survey and was investigated by a remotely operated vehicle in 2004. A 2006 geophysical survey found that the shipwreck had moved more than 1,200 feet...