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Koster Horizon 11 Element

Part of the Koster Site, IL (11GE4) project

Creator(s): Allen Huber ; Sarah Neusius

Year: 1979

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Summary

Faunal Skeletal Element coding sheet for Horizon 11 of the Koster site


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Koster Horizon 11 Element. Allen Huber, Sarah Neusius. 1979 ( tDAR id: 393821) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8WS8V5G


Ontology: Fauna Element Ontology

Category: Fauna

Subcategory: Element

Coding Rules

Code Term Description Mapped Ontology Node
1 Occipital Occipital
2 Basioccipital Basiooccipital
3 Exoccipital Occipital
4 Supraoccipital Supraoccipital
5 Tabular, Supratemporal Supratemporal
6 Parasphenoid Parasphenoid
7 Basisphenoid Sphenoid
8 Orbitosphenoid Sphenoid
9 Alisphenoid Alisphenoid
10 Sphenoid Sphenoid
11 Sphenotic Sphenotic
12 Pterotic Pterotic
13 Sclerotic Ring Circumorbital
14 Prootic Prootic
15 Epiotic Epiotic
16 Opisthotic Opisthotic
17 Otolith Otolith
18 Posttemporal Posttemporal
19 Ethmoid Ethmoid
20 Parethmoid Ethmoid
21 Mesethmoid, Supraethmoid Ethmoid
22 Prefrontal Frontal
23 Nasal Nasal
24 Nasal Conchae Nasal
25 Adnasal Nasal
26 Rostral Skull
27 Palatine Palatine
28 Vomer Vomer
29 Dentigerous Palatine Palatine
30 Maxilla Maxilla
31 Maxilla with Teeth Maxilla
32 Premaxilla Premaxilla
33 Premaxilla with Teeth Premaxilla
34 Supramaxilla Maxilla
35 Quadrate Quadrate
36 Quadratojugal Quadratojugal
37 Metapterygoid Metapterygoid
38 Endopterygoid Endopterygoid
39 Pterygoid Pterygoid
40 Articular Articular
41 Angular Angular
42 Dermarticular Articular
43 Suprangular Angular
44 Prearticular Skull
45 Coronoid
51 Dentary
52 Infradentary
53 Mandible Mandible
54 Mandible with Teeth Mandible
55 Indeterminate Toothed Element Tooth
56 Frontal Frontal
57 Frontal with Antler Attached Frontal
58 Antler Antler
59 Antler Tine Antler
60 Parietal Parietal
61 Frontoparietal Parietal
62 Temporal Temporal
63 Squamosal Squamosal
64 Petrous portion of Temporal Petrous
65 Auditory Bulla Bulla
66 Lacrimal Lacrimal
69 Jugal Jugal
70 Suborbital Suborbital
71 Dermosphenotic Sphenotic
72 Circumorbital Circumorbital
73 Postorbital Suborbital
74 Hyoid Hyoid
75 Hyomandibular Hyomandibular
76 Symplectic Symplectic
77 Epihyal Epihyal
78 Ceratohyal Ceratohyal
79 Basihyal Basihyal
80 Glossohyal Hyoid
81 Urphyal Urohyal
82 Gular Plate Gular Plate
83 Branchiostegal Branchiostegal
84 Preoperculum Preopercular
85 Operculum Opercular
86 Suboperculum Subopercular
87 Interoperculum Interopercular
88 Indeterminate Opercular Bone Opercular
89 Skull Skull
90 Indeterminate Skull Fragment Skull
91 Occipital Condyle Occipital Condyle
92 Zygomatic Zygomatic
93 Periotic Skull
94 Maxilla or Mandible Maxilla or Mandible
101 Incisor Incisor
102 Canine Canine
103 Premolar Premolar
104 Molar Molar
105 Incisor 1 Incisor
106 Incisor 2 Incisor
107 Incisor 3 Incisor
108 Premolar 1 Premolar
109 Premolar 2 Premolar
110 Premolar 3 Premolar
111 Premolar 4 Premolar
112 Molar 1 Molar
113 Molar 2 Molar
114 Molar 3 Molar
115 Indeterminate Molar or Premolar Molar or Premolar
116 Indeterminate Tooth Tooth
120 Syrinx Syrinx
121 Pharyngeal Ring Pharyngeal Bone
122 Branchial Element Pharyngeal Bone
123 4rth Pharyngeobranchial (Upper) Pharyngeobranchial
124 5th Ceratobranchial (Lower) Ceratobranchial
125 Pharngeobranchial Pharyngeobranchial
126 Epibranchial Epibranchial
127 Ceratobranchial Ceratobranchial
128 Hypobranchial Pharyngeal Bone
129 Basibranchial Basibranchial
130 Dentiferous Pharyngeal Plate Pharyngeal Bone
131 Pharyngeal tooth Pharyngeal Bone
132 Mentomeckelian Bone Skull
150 Vertebra Vertebra
151 Precaudal Vertebra Caudal Vertebra
152 Caudal Vertebra Caudal Vertebra
153 Anterior Caudal Vertebra Caudal Vertebra
154 Posterior Caudal Vertebra Caudal Vertebra
155 Chevron Bone Vertebra
156 Cervical Vertebra Cervical Vertebra
157 Atlas Atlas
158 Axis Axis
159 Middle Cervical Vertebra Cervical Vertebra
160 Last Cervical Vertebra Cervical Vertebra
161 First Thoracic Vertebra Thoracic Vertebra
162 Middle Thoracic Vertebra Thoracic Vertebra
163 Last Thoracic Vertebra Thoracic Vertebra
164 Thoracic Vertebra Thoracic Vertebra
165 First Lumbar Vertebra Lumbar Vertebra
166 Middle Lumbar Vertebra Lumbar Vertebra
167 Last Lumber Vertebra Vertebra
168 Lumbar Vertebra Lumbar Vertebra
169 First Sacral Vertebra Vertebra
170 Second Sacral Vertebra Vertebra
171 Lower Sacral Vertebra Vertebra
172 Sacral Vertebra Sacrum
173 Neural Vertebra Vertebra
174 First Neural Vertebra Vertebra
175 Pygostyle Pygostyle
176 Urostyle Urostyle
177 Synsacrum Synsacrum
178 1rst Vertebra Vertebra
179 2nd Vertebra Vertebra
180 3rd Vertebra Vertebra
181 4rth Vertebra Vertebra
182 Weberian Apparatus Weberian Vertebra
183 2nd Vertebral Neural Spine Vertebra
184 3rd Vertebral Neural Spine Vertebra
185 2nd Vertebra Transverse Process Vertebra
186 3rd Vertebra Transverse Process Vertebra
187 1rst Vertebra Neural Process Vertebra
188 Tripus Skull
189 Scaphium Skull
190 Claustrium Skull
191 Intercalarium Vertebra
192 Intercentrals Vertebra
193 Neural Arch Neural
194 Spine Rib, Ray, or Spine
195 Ultimate Vertebra Vertebra
196 Penultimate Vertebra Vertebra
197 Tailfin Attachment - Hypurals Fin
198 Sacrum Sacrum
199 Neural Arch 4rth Vertebra Vertebra
200 Sternum Sternum
201 Manubrium Sternebra 1
202 Xiphisternum Xiphisternum
203 Last Thoracic/Last Lumbar Vertebra Vertebra
220 Rib Rib
221 Dorsal Rib Rib
222 Ventral Rib Rib
223 Sternal Ribs (Costal Cartilage) Costal Cartilage
224 1rst Rib Rib
225 2nd Rib Rib
226 1rst or 2nd Rib Rib
227 Lower Rib Rib
228 Scale Scale
229 Ganoid Scale Scale
230 Cycloid Scale Scale
231 Indeterminate Turtle Shell Carapace or Plastron
232 Carapace Element Carapace
233 Carapace (Fused Frag or Whole) Carapace
234 Plastral Element Plastron
235 Plastron Plastron
236 Pleural Pleural
237 Pleural 2,4, or 6 Pleural
238 Pleural 3,5, or 7 Pleural
239 Pleural 1 Pleural 1
240 Pleural 2 Pleural 2
241 Pleural 3 Pleural 3
242 Pleural 4 Pleural 4
243 Pleural 5 Pleural 5
244 Pleural 6 Pleural 6
245 Pleural 7 Pleural 7
246 Pleural 8 Pleural 8
247 Peripheral Peripheral
248 Peripheral 4,5, or 6 Peripheral
249 Peripheral 9,10, or 11 Peripheral
250 Peripheral 1 Peripheral
251 Peripheral 2 Peripheral
252 Peripheral 3 Peripheral
253 Peripheral 4 Peripheral
254 Peripheral 5 Peripheral
255 Peripheral 6 Peripheral
256 Peripheral 7 Peripheral
257 Peripheral 8 Peripheral
258 Peripheral 9 Peripheral
259 Peripheral 10 Peripheral
260 Peripheral 11 Peripheral
261 Pygal Pygal
262 Suprapygal Suprapygal
263 Suprapygal 1 Suprapygal
264 Suprapygal 2 Suprapygal
265 Supernumerary Suprapygal Suprapygal
266 Proneural Proneural
267 Neural Neural
268 Neural 1,3,5, or 8 Neural
269 Neural 2,4,6, or 7 Neural
270 Neural 1 Neural
271 Neural 2 Neural
272 Neural 3 Neural
273 Neural 4 Neural
274 Neural 5 Neural
275 Neural 6 Neural
276 Neural 7 Neural
277 Neural 8 Neural
278 Epiplastron Epiplastron
279 Entoplastron Entoplastron
280 Hypoplastron Hypoplastron
281 Xiphiplastron Xiphiplastron
282 Hyoplastron or Hypoplastron Plastron
283 Hyoplastron Hyoplastron
300 Scapula Scapula
301 Acromion Scapula
302 Clavicle Clavicle
303 Furcula Furculum
304 Coracoid Coracoid
305 Cleithrum Cleithrum
306 Supracleithrum Supracleithrum
307 Postcleithrum Postcleithrum
308 Pubis Pubis
309 Ischium Ischium
310 Ilium Ilium
311 Pubis and Ischium Innominate
312 Pubis and Ilium Innominate
313 Ischium and Ilium Innominate
314 Acetabulum Acetabulum
315 Innominate Innominate
316 Prepubis Pubis
317 Baculum Baculum
318 Basipterygium Basipterygium
319 Scapula or Innominate Scapula
350 Spine Fin Spine
351 Pectoral spine Pectoral Fin
352 Dorsal Spine Dorsal Ray/Spine
353 1rst Dorsal Spine Dorsal Ray/Spine
354 2nd Dorsal Spine Dorsal Ray/Spine
355 3rd Dorsal Spine Dorsal Ray/Spine
356 Anal Spine Anal Fin
357 Dorsal/Anal Spine Dorsal Ray/Spine
358 Ray Ray
359 1rst Pectoral Ray Ray
360 Pectoral Ray Ray
361 Pectoral/Pelvic Ray Ray
362 Dorsal/Anal Ray Dorsal Ray/Spine
363 Radial Radius
364 Pterygiophore Pterygiophore
365 1rst Interneural Neural
366 2nd Interneural Neural
367 3rd Interneural Neural
368 Interneural Vertebra
369 Interhaemal Vertebra
370 4rth Interneural Neural
371 1rst Anal Spine Anal Fin
372 2nd Anal Spine Anal Fin
373 Dorsal or Pectoral Spine Dorsal Ray/Spine
400 Humerus Humerus
401 Femur Femur
402 Radius Radius or Radioulna
403 Ulna Ulna
404 Radioulna Radius or Radioulna
405 Tibia Tibia or Fibula
406 Fibula Fibula
407 Tibiofibula
408 Radioulna or Tibiofibula
409 Tibiotarsus
410 Patella Patella
411 Astragalus Astragalus
412 Calcaneus Calcaneus
413 1rst Cuneiform (Lesser) Triquetrum
414 2nd and 3rd Cuneiform (Greater) 2nd & 3rd Cuneiform
415 2nd Cuneiform 2nd Cuneiform
416 3rd Cuneiform 3rd Cuneiform
417 Cuboid Cuboid
418 Navicular Navicular
419 Naviculo-cuboid Navicular & Cuboid
420 Lateral Malleolus Lateral Malleolus
421 Scaphoid Scaphoid
422 Lunate Lunate
423 Triquetral Triquetrum
424 Trapezoid Trapezoid
425 Magnum Carpal
426 Trapezo-magnum Carpal
427 Unciform Hamate
428 Pisiform Pisiform
429 Ulnare Ulna
430 Radiale Radius or Radioulna
431 Carpal Carpal
432 Tarsal Tarsal
433 Carpal/Tarsal Carpal or Tarsal
434 Sesamoid Sesamoid
435 Carpal, Tarsal, or Sesamoid Carpal or Tarsal
436 Carpometacarpus Carpometacarpus
437 Tarsometatarsus Metatarsal
438 Tibia and Fibula Tibia or Fibula
450 Metapodial Metapodial
451 Metatarsal Metatarsal
452 1rst Metatarsal 1st Metatarsal
453 2nd Metatarsal 2nd Metatarsal
454 3rd Metatarsal 3rd Metatarsal
455 4rth Metatarsal 4th Metatarsal
456 5th Metatarsal 5th Metatarsal
457 Metacarpal Carpometacarpus
458 1rst Metacarpal 1st Metacarpal
459 2nd Metacarpal 2nd Metacarpal
460 3rd Metacarpal 3rd Metacarpal
461 4rth Metacarpal 4th Metacarpal
462 5th Metacarpal 5th Metacarpal
463 Phalanx or Metapodial Foot/Wing
464 Proximal Phalanx (pes) Phalanx
465 Proximal Phalanx (manus) Phalanx
466 Proximal Phalanx Phalanx
467 2nd Phalanx 2nd Phalanx
468 Distal Phalanx Phalanx
469 Proximal or Second Phalanx Phalanx
470 Second or Distal Phalanx Phalanx
471 Phalanx Phalanx
472 Vestigial Phalanx Vestigial Phalanx
473 Proximal Vestigial Phalanx Vestigial Phalanx
474 Second Vestigial Phalanx Vestigial Phalanx
475 Distal Vestigial Phalanx Vestigial Phalanx
476 Proximal or Second Vestigial Phalanx Vestigial Phalanx
477 Vestigial Metapodial Metapodial
478 1rst Wing Digit Wing Phalanges
479 2nd Wing Digit Wing Phalanges
480 3rd Wing Digit Wing Phalanges
500 Longbone Shaft Fragment Long Bone Fragment
501 Longbone Articular End Articular
502 Cancellous Crumb with no outer surface Spongy Bone/Cancellous Bone
503 Cancellous Crumb with some outer surface Spongy Bone/Cancellous Bone
504 Indeterminate Flat, Smooth Bone (Skull, Scapula, Innominate, Sternum Unidentified Fragment
505 Indeterminate Complex Bone fragment Unidentified Fragment
506 Indeterminate Rib, Ray, or Branchiostegal Rib, Ray, or Spine
600 Entire Skeleton Articulated Skeleton Complete
Code Element Unidentified Element
Special Coding Rules: These entries are not in the coding-sheet, but represent edge-cases in Data Integration that may benefit from custom mappings

Category: Fauna

Subcategory: Element

Individual & Institutional Roles

Project Director(s): Sarah Neusius

Prepared By(s): Indiana University of Penn.


Notes

General Note: The Koster faunal databases loaded in tDAR were identified by several zooarchaeologists. Frederick C. Hill and his assistants identified much of the early material collected in test units dug in 1969 as well as materials from the excavation of Horizons 1-6. Hill's 1975 dissertation (see reference list associated with this project) is a primary source for this material. Sarah W. Neusius identified faunal remains from Horizons 8-10B as well as a small sample of materials from Horizon 11. Her 1982 dissertation as well as a 1986 article (see references) are the primary sources for this material. John Hewitt created the faunal file for Horizons 8-10B identifications in conjunction with his own 1982 dissertation (see references) Andrea L. Boon completed a MA thesis on a large sample of materials from Horizon 11 and reported on this research in her 2011 thesis (see references).


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Koster-Horizon-11-Element-Coding-Sheet.xlsx 15.67kb Sep 18, 2014 12:40:50 PM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America