Territory, settlement and material culture in the Iberian colonial empires (16-18th centuries)

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  • Archaeological Preservation and the Jesuit-Guarani Missions (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tobias Vilhena de Moraes.

    This article presents the trajectory of ideas and concepts for Archaeological Preservation, developed during the Administration of Archaeological Heritage at four missionary Archaeological sites in the Southern region of Brazil: São Nicolau, São Lourenço Mártir, São João Batista and São Miguel Arcanjo. From the starting point of an archaeological analysis, and observing the legal and technical norms specified, observation was attempted as to how interface took place with the various areas which...

  • Archaeology of Colonialism: the 17th Century Spanish Colony of Hoping Dao, Taiwan   (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only María Cruz Berrocal. Sandra Montón Subías. Susana Consuegra Rodríguez. Marc Gener Moret.

    We will present an overview of our ongoing archaeological project on  Hoping Dao, Taiwan, where, according to the historical written sources, a Spanish colony was founded in 1626. Starting from the local scale, the excavation of the Spanish colonial posts and Taiwanese native settlements, we aim to understand the reasons, mechanisms and long-term consequences (local, regional and global) of the social interaction that gathered together Europeans, Taiwanese native people (themselves extremely...

  • Between the dream and the conquest: settlement and daily life of the Portuguese in North Africa (15th-16th centuries) (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Joana Bento Torres. Luís Carlos Serrão Gil. André P. S. D. Teixeira.

    The Portuguese presence in North Africa was materialized through the occupation of cities and fortresses along the coast, especially during the 15th and the first half of the 16th century. Traditional historiography has stressed the limited contact these strongholds held with their surrounding territory, underlining their highly military nature.                                    In this paper we wish to re-evaluate this theory, mainly through the archaeological work we've been developing since...

  • Corography, territory and cultural policies in Santafe de Bogota (16th-17th Centuries) (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Monika I. Therrien.

    The Spanish settlement of Santafe de Bogota is examined from a basic standpoint, that of the concept of corography introduced by the Spanish Monarchy as a means to gain control of the ever expanding Empire. Corography became the instrument through which Spaniards came to recognize the new environment and the people that inhabited it, but always from their own point of view. In this ongoing project, the concept is reintroduced through the analysis of material culture evidences (geological,...

  • First evidences of colonial cultural contact in Northeast Argentina. Settlement and material culture at Sancti Spiritus Fort, 1527-1529 (Puerto Gaboto, Argentina) (2013)

    Our case study represents a different example, although symptomatic, of the colonization process promoted by the Crown of Castile from the 16th century. Even as an unofficial project, due to the individual agency of Sebastian Cabot, the fort reflects the colonization process of Latin America in a very clear way, as it shares the main aspirations of the colonialism, and also its principal problems. The archaeological works developed in recent years, besides bringing light to the genesis of the...

  • Portuguese Faience in Brazil’s 17th century Capital (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only João Pedro Gomes.

    The colonial Brazilian territory, organized and structured following the metropolitan model of society and administration, suffers an economic convulsion after the dynastic union in 1580 that modifies a major part of its social and cultural structure. The Portuguese faience fragments collected in the Praça da Sé, Colégio dos Jesuítas and in the remains of the shipwreck Galeão Santíssimo Sacramento (all in the city of Salvador da Bahia, Brazil), are testimonies of the social and economic matrix...

  • Portuguese settlement in Mumbai region, India: territorial occupation throughout structural remains (16th-18th centuries) (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only André P. S. D. Teixeira.

    Most parts of Greater Mumbai belonged to Portugal between 1534 and 1739, except for the island of Bombay, handed over to the British in 1665. The territory of Bassein, the ancient capital of this region, was the first settlement of Estado da Índia to occupy a significant area. The Portuguese enjoyed territorial stability during its first century in Bassein. This favoured the Portuguese annexation of land through the incorporation of pre-existing structures, the application of solutions used in...

  • Pottery in the colonies: the silent marker revisited (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Javier Iñañez. Marisol Madrid i Fernandez. Jaume Buxeda i Garrigos.

    The contact between the European and the Native American worlds was the beginning of a period of conquest and colonization that disrupted the tradition of the native populations, giving pass to a new political, economical, religious, and town-planning period. While the first European foundations were just survival driven ones, they became a strategic foundation in order to develop a proper colonial enterprise. The European culture arrival into the Americas brought also a new material culture...