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Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data: Provenience (Sites, Features, and Strata)

Creator(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Year: 1997

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Summary

The Schoolhouse Point Mesa archaeological sites are part of an extensive settlement system on the southern banks of the Salt River. The Arizona State University, Office of Cultural Resource Management, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) divided the Schoolhouse Point Mesa settlement complex into two groups: the Schoolhouse Management Group and the Livingston Management Group. The Schoolhouse Management Group includes those sites on the west side of Pinto Creek Wash, while the Livingston Management Group includes sites on the east side of the wash. Schoolhouse Point Mound (AZ U:8:24(ASM), AR-03-12-06-13a(USFS)) is the largest site in the Schoolhouse Management Group and on the mesa. The mound is treated in a separate report volume and its data are reported separately (Please see https://core.tdar.org/project/394037). The Schoolhouse Point Mesa report volumes and data document the remaining 23 archaeological sites in the Schoolhouse Management Group. Nineteen of the sites are located on the mesa, while four are west of the mesa on the terraces overlooking the Salt River.

The Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data tables provide a summary of the proveniences investigated and the artifacts recovered during the RPMS excavations at Schoolhouse Mesa sites in the Schoolhouse Point Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex. The Schoolhouse Mesa Sites Provenience table presents a summary of the sites, features, and feature strata that were documented during data recovery in the area (Note that separate Schoolhouse Point Mound data tables present summaries of the mound data: https://core.tdar.org/project/394037).

The table identifies individual Schoolhouse Mesa archaeological sites by assigned Arizona State Museum site numbers. It then lists features and designated archaeological contexts - strata - at each site. Features are designated by combining two numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, and the feature number (Note that the "AZ" common to every ASM site number is not used in this table.). Feature numbers begin with the number "1" at each site and progress sequentially (EX: U:8:384:005 = site AZ U:8:384, Feature 5; U:8:384:006 = site AZ U:8:384, Feature 6).

Strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. In this table, the archaeological contexts - strata - are identified by a combination of numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, the feature number, and the stratum letter designation (EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B). Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata.

Finally, the table provides two volume measurements for each designated context. It provides a volume of total fill for a context and a volume of screened fill for each context. These volumes may be useful for calculating relative artifact densities for archaeological contexts.


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Cite this Record

Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data: Provenience (Sites, Features, and Strata). Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1997 ( tDAR id: 394376) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8Q81G4D


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: Schoolhouse_Mesa_Sites

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
SITE The archaeological sites that were identified and investigated on Schoolhouse Mesa in the Schoolhouse Point Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex. In this table, sites are identified by an Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ" (Note that the entries in this data table do not include the "AZ" designation common to all ASM numbers). They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. Please see the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study Site Concordance Table to match the ASM number(s) to the Tonto National Forest number(s).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none
FEATURE TYPE Identifies a defined type for each feature. Defined feature types include architecture (e.g., pit house, cobble-masonry room), built spaces (e.g., plaza), thermal features (e.g., roasting pits, hearths), burials (e.g., inhumations, cremations), and other deposits (e.g., middens, pits).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature Type none none
STRATUM TYPE Identifies a defined type for each stratum (i.e., context) designated within a feature. Stratum types are based explicitly on Harris Matrices. Stratum types include prehistoric cultural deposits (e.g., floor zones, multiple floors, cached deposits), cultural depositional deposits (e.g., architectural fill, roof fall), other depositional contexts (e.g., erosional fill, vandal fill), and unassigned contexts.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
FEATURE Identifies the assigned feature number for each identified feature. This table contains data from multiple sites with multiple features. Thus, in the table, a feature is identified by combining two numbering systems: an ASM site number (without the leading "AZ" designator), a colon, and then a feature number. At each site, feature numbers begin with the number 1 and progress sequentially. EX: U:8:384:006 = ASM site AZ U:8:384, Feature 006 U:8:384:007 = ASM site AZ U:8:384, Feature 007
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature ID/Number none none
STRATUM Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. This table contains data from multiple sites with multiple features and associated strata. Thus, in this table, a stratum is identified by combining several numbering systems: an ASM site number, a colon, a feature number, and a stratum letter designation. EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosional fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. Please see the "Stratum Type" column. Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
SCREENED VOLUME Measurement of the volume (in cubic meters) of fill that was screened from a designated stratum. The measure is 0.00 if no fill was screened from a stratum (i.e., The context or feature fill was not screened.).
DOUBLE  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Volume none none
TOTAL VOLUME Measurement of the volume (in cubic meters) of total fill in a designated stratum.
DOUBLE  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Volume none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 900 to 1450


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.012; min lat: 33.635 ; max long: -110.991; max lat: 33.662 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): Peter H. McCartney ; Ronna J. Bradley ; Judi L. Cameron ; J. Phil Dering ; Suzanne K. Fish ; Chris Loendorf ; Theodore J. Oliver ; Marcia H. Regan ; Christy G. Turner II ; Sheldon T. Watson ; Linda K. Williams

Lab Director(s): Arleyn W. Simon

Principal Investigator(s): Glen E. Rice ; Charles Redman

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Repository(s): Center for Archaeology and Society, Arizona State University

Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 8

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 37

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Schoolhouse-Mesa-Sites.xls 91.50kb Jan 14, 2015 11:43:30 AM Public
Translated version Schoolhouse-Mesa-Sites_translated.xls (93.00kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America