Haynes Shell Midden Site (15Bt11), vertebrate faunal remains

Summary

Vertebrate faunal remains from Excavation Unit A1 (1 x 1 m), excavated in arbitrary 10 cm levels to 205 cm below surface datum. Level 1 is 0-25 cm (plowzone), Level 2 is 25-30 cm, and levels 3-19 are each 10 cm. Level 20 is 200-205 cm. All matrix waterscreened through 1/4" (6.4 mm) mesh and a 40% sample from each level waterscreened through 1/16" (1.6 mm) mesh, except Level 1, which was dryscreened 1/4" only. Flotation column collected from each level in the southwest corner, except Level 1. All remains identified in this dataset are from the 1/4" fraction of the general waterscreen matrix and flotation column. Total number of bones is 5947.

Cite this Record

Haynes Shell Midden Site (15Bt11), vertebrate faunal remains. George Crothers. Lexington, Kentucky: William S. Webb Museum of Anthropology, University of Kentucky. 1996 ( tDAR id: 394449) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8NG4RQ4

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

URL: https://www.as.uky.edu/museum-anthropology


Restricted Access Some or all of this resource's attached file(s) are not publicly accessible. They will be released on Jan 16, 2020

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: BT11FAU$

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Class Taxonomic class
TEXT  Coded Value Fauna : Other Taxonomic Class (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Eastern Archaic Resource type ontology
Context Type Plowzone, Shell-free Midden, or Shell Midden
TEXT  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum Context Type (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Eastern Archaic Context Types
Test Unit Excavation unit designation, 1m x 1m
TEXT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Unit none none
Weight Total weight (g) of all bones for this record
DOUBLE  Measurement (gram) Fauna : Measurement none none
Level Excavation level counting down from surface, 10 cm arbitrary levels except levels 1 (0-25 cm), 2 (25-30 cm), and 20 (200-205 cm).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Level none none
Notes Short comment or note field
TEXT  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none
Frequency Number of bones or bone fragments matching all codes for this record
BIGINT  Count Fauna : Count none none
Side Anatomical limb side (left, right) or axial if nonsymetrical trunk element
TEXT  Coded Value Fauna : Side Element Side (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Fauna Side Ontology
Portion Directional terms used to describe portions of fragmentary bones relative to Proximal-Midshaft-Distal orientation [modified for EAFWG]
TEXT  Coded Value Fauna : Portion/Proximal/Distal Element Portion (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Fauna Proximal-Distal/Portion Ontology
Burning Presence (1) or absence (0) of burning on bone
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Burning Burning (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Fauna Burning Intensity Ontology
Cut Marks Presence (1) or absence (0) of cut marks on bone
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Butchering Cut Marks (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Fauna Butchering Ontology
Taxon Taxonomic identification to species when possible
TEXT  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Taxonomic Identification (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Fauna Taxon Ontology - Eastern US
Chewing Presence (1) or absence (0) of carnivore chewing on bone
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Gnawing/Animal Modification Carnivore chewing (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Fauna Gnawing Ontology
Gnawing Presence (1) or absence (0) of rodent gnawing on bone
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Gnawing/Animal Modification Rodent gnawing (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Fauna Gnawing Ontology
Chronological Period Chronological period for use in EAFWG comparisons
TEXT  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Other Chronological Period (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) EAFWG Chronology Ontology
Resource Type Duplicate of TAXON to code Resource Type: Aquatic/Terrestrial and Small/Medium/Large [created for EAFWG]
TEXT  Coded Value Fauna : Age Resource Type (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Eastern Archaic Resource type ontology
Completeness Complete element or fragmentary [tDAR field generated from PORT]
TEXT  Coded Value Fauna : Completeness Completeness (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Fauna Completeness Ontology
Element Element identification
TEXT  Coded Value Fauna : Element Faunal Element (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) Fauna Element Ontology
Recovery Recovery technique used in the field
TEXT  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Recovery Method Recovery technique (Shell Mound Archaeological Project) EAFWG Recovery Method Ontology
DEPTH Depth below surface datum in cm
TEXT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Depth none none

Temporal Coverage

Radiocarbon Date: 4741 to 4657 (4699 +/- 42 rcybp; Test Unit A2, Level 14, 140-150 cmbd)

Radiocarbon Date: 4679 to 4593 (4636 +/- 43 rcybp; Test Unit A2, Level 11, 110-120 cmbd)

Radiocarbon Date: 4910 to 4790 (4850 +/- 60 rcybp; Test Unit A2, Level 17, 172-180 cmbd)

Radiocarbon Date: 4508 to 4450 (4479 +/- 29 rcybp; Test Unit A1, Level 6, 60-70 cmbd)

Radiocarbon Date: 4710 to 4590 (4650 +/- 60 rcybp; Test Unit A2, Level 9, 90-100 cmbd)

Radiocarbon Date: 4580 to 4460 (4520 +/- 60 rcybp; Test Unit A1, Level 4, 40-50 cmbd)

Radiocarbon Date: 4419 to 4355 (4387 +/- 32 rcybp; Test Unit A1, Level 2, 25-30 cmbd)

Radiocarbon Date: 5170 to 4990 (5080 +/- 90 rcybp; Test Unit A1, Level 20, 200-205 cmbd)

Radiocarbon Date: 4789 to 4725 (4757 +/- 32 rcybp; Test Unit A1, Level 19, 190-200 cmbd)

Radiocarbon Date: 4302 to 4164 (4260 +/- 42 rcybp; Test Unit A1, Level 8, 80-90 cmbd)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -87.188; min lat: 37.16 ; max long: -86.534; max lat: 37.423 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): George Crothers

Source Collections

William S. Webb Museum of Anthropology University of Kentucky Lexington, Kentucky

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
15Bt11-Fauna.accdb 13.93mb Jan 3, 2017 3:46:13 PM Embargoed Five Years
  • Translated version 15Bt11-Fauna_translated.xlsx (157.41kb)
    Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
  • Accessing Restricted Files

    At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

    Contact(s): George Crothers