Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data: Shell Taxa from All Contexts

Part of the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Pinto Creek Complex, Schoolhouse Mesa Sites (DRAFT) project

Creator(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Year: 1997

Summary

The Schoolhouse Point Mesa archaeological sites are part of an extensive settlement system on the southern banks of the Salt River. The Arizona State University, Office of Cultural Resource Management, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) divided the Schoolhouse Point Mesa settlement complex into two groups: the Schoolhouse Management Group and the Livingston Management Group. The Schoolhouse Management Group includes those sites on the west side of Pinto Creek Wash, while the Livingston Management Group includes sites on the east side of the wash. Schoolhouse Point Mound (AZ U:8:24(ASM), AR-03-12-06-13a(USFS)) is the largest site in the Schoolhouse Management Group and on the mesa. The mound is treated in a separate report volume and its data are reported separately (Please see https://core.tdar.org/project/394037). The Schoolhouse Point Mesa report volumes and data document the remaining 23 archaeological sites in the Schoolhouse Management Group. Nineteen of the sites are located on the mesa, while four are west of the mesa on the terraces overlooking the Salt River.

The Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data table Shell Taxa from All Contexts presents a summary of the shell taxa of the shell artifacts recovered from all investigated contexts (both screened and unscreened) at Schoolhouse Point Mesa sites (except Schoolhouse Point Mound, which is reported separately). The table lists archaeological sites designated by Arizona State Museum (ASM) site numbers (without the "AZ" common to all ASM numbers) (e.g., U:8:205 = ASM site number AZ U:8:205). It then lists designated archaeological contexts - strata - at each site. The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. In this table, the archaeological contexts - strata - are identified by a combination of numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, the feature number, and the stratum letter designation (EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B). Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail. Please also see the Schoolhouse Point Mesa strata data tables for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR urls:

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394455

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394457

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394458

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394376

The table then provides the frequency (count) of shell artifacts with different shell taxon designations. Note that it provides a count of artifacts (NOT individual shell pieces) identified to individual taxa. Thus, a shell bracelet in 3 pieces identified to a shell taxon will count as 1 artifact for that taxon.

The Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data tables were originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 8 titled "The Archaeology of Schoolhouse Point Mesa, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Schoolhouse Point Mesa Sites, Schoolhouse Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex." The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume. Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL: https://core.tdar.org/document/394293

Cite this Record

Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data: Shell Taxa from All Contexts. Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1997 ( tDAR id: 394480) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8J1056V

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: shmesa_all_shell-species

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Conus perplexus Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Conus perplexus in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Conus regularis Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Conus regularis in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Glycymeris gigantea Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Glycymeris gigantea in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Glycymeris multicostata Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Glycymeris multicostata in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Haliotis sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Haliotis sp. in a given stratum. Haliotis sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Haliotis.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Melongena patula Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Melongena patula in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Olivella dama Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Olivella dama in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. This table contains data from multiple sites with multiple features and associated strata. Thus, in this table, a stratum is identified by combining several numbering systems: an ASM site number, a colon, a feature number, and a stratum letter designation. EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in separate strata data tables. Please see the Schoolhouse Point Mesa Strata data tables at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394455 https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394457 https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394458 https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394376 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Site The archaeological sites from which the shell artifacts were recovered. In this table, sites are identified by an Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ." They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. Please see the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study Site Concordance Table to match the ASM number(s) to the Tonto National Forest number(s).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none
Agaronia testacea Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Agaronia testacca in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Anodonta californiensis Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Anodonta californiensis in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Cerithidea albonodosa Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Cerithidea albonodosa in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Olivella sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Olivella sp. in a given stratum. Olivella sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Olivella.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Pecten vogdesi Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Pecten vogdesi in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Pisidium sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Pisidium sp. in a given stratum. Pisidium sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Pisidium.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Spondylus sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Spondylus sp. in a given stratum. Spondylus sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Spondylus.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Strombus gracilior Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Strombus gracilior in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Trivia sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Trivia sp. in a given stratum. Trivia sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Trivia.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Turritella leucostoma Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Turritella leucostoma in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Vermicularia eburnea Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Vermicularia eburnea in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Laevicardium elatum Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Laevicardium elatum in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Unidentified Frequency of shell artifacts with an unidentified shell taxon in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
TOTAL The total number of shell artifacts (across all shell taxa) in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Conus sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Conus sp. in a given stratum. Conus sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Conus.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Glycymeris sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Glycymeris sp. in a given stratum. Glycymeris sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Glycymeris.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Argopecten circularis Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Argopecten circularis in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Indet. Freshwater Snail Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Indet. Freshwater Snail in a given stratum. This category denotes a freshwater snail of unidentified genus and species.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 900 to 1450

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.012; min lat: 33.635 ; max long: -110.991; max lat: 33.662 ;

Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 8

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 37

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

Notes

General Note: The Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University stored and maintained the digital file(s) hosted on this record page as part of the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) digital collections. The data were stored in a single Excel file with multiple tabs. Each tab contained a data sheet that summarized the frequencies of a particular artifact class and/or type that was analyzed during the RPMS laboratory studies. The data sheets were standardized across the different project areas. To curate these data in tDAR, each tab was converted into a single Excel file. Each file contains the frequency data for a particular artifact class and/or type.

General Note: The Office of Cultural Resource Management and the Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University intended for the data sheets and the artifact categories in the sheets to remain consistent (i.e., standardized) across the sheets and across the different project areas. During the course of this curation project, several inconsistencies were identified in the artifact categories (i.e., column names). Where appropriate, minor wording, spelling, and/or word order changes were made to column headings to ensure standardization across artifact class and/or type names. For example, some data tables used the column names "Full-Trough Metate," "3/4-Trough Metate," "Slab Metate," etc., while others used the names "Metate, Full-Trough," "Metate, 3/4-Trough," "Metate, Slab." Center for Archaeology and Society and tDAR staff decided to ensure standardization to the "Metate, ..." column names.

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
shmesa_all_shell-species.xlsx 49.97kb Jan 23, 2015 1:06:43 PM Public
  • Translated version shmesa_all_shell-species_translated.xls (100.50kb)
    Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated: