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Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data: Shell Artifacts from All Contexts

Creator(s): Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University

Year: 1997

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Summary

The Schoolhouse Point Mesa archaeological sites are part of an extensive settlement system on the southern banks of the Salt River. The Arizona State University, Office of Cultural Resource Management, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) divided the Schoolhouse Point Mesa settlement complex into two groups: the Schoolhouse Management Group and the Livingston Management Group. The Schoolhouse Management Group includes those sites on the west side of Pinto Creek Wash, while the Livingston Management Group includes sites on the east side of the wash. Schoolhouse Point Mound (AZ U:8:24(ASM), AR-03-12-06-13a(USFS)) is the largest site in the Schoolhouse Management Group and on the mesa. The mound is treated in a separate report volume and its data are reported separately (Please see https://core.tdar.org/project/394037). The Schoolhouse Point Mesa report volumes and data document the remaining 23 archaeological sites in the Schoolhouse Management Group. Nineteen of the sites are located on the mesa, while four are west of the mesa on the terraces overlooking the Salt River.

The Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data table Shell Artifacts from All Contexts presents a summary of the shell artifacts recovered from all investigated contexts (both screened and unscreened) at Schoolhouse Point Mesa sites (except Schoolhouse Point Mound, which is reported separately). The table lists archaeological sites designated by Arizona State Museum (ASM) site numbers (without the "AZ" common to all ASM numbers) (e.g., U:8:205 = ASM site number AZ U:8:205). It then lists designated archaeological contexts - strata - at each site. The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. In this table, the archaeological contexts - strata - are identified by a combination of numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, the feature number, and the stratum letter designation (EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B). Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail. Please also see the Schoolhouse Point Mesa strata data tables for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR urls:

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394455

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394457

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394458

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394376

The table then provides the frequency (count) of different shell artifact types for each stratum. Note that it provides a count of shell artifacts, and not individual pieces of shell.

The Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data tables were originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 8 titled "The Archaeology of Schoolhouse Point Mesa, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Schoolhouse Point Mesa Sites, Schoolhouse Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex." The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume. Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL: https://core.tdar.org/document/394293


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Cite this Record

Schoolhouse Point Mesa Data: Shell Artifacts from All Contexts. Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1997 ( tDAR id: 394482) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8XS5XFM


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: shmesa_all_shell

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Raw Shell Frequency of raw (unmodified) shell in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Ring Frequency of the shell artifact type Ring in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Trumpet Frequency of the shell artifact type Trumpet in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
TOTAL The total number of shell artifacts (across all different shell artifact types) in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Bead Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Bead in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Bracelet Frequency of the shell artifact type Bracelet in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Site The archaeological sites from which the shell artifacts were recovered. In this table, sites are identified by an Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ." They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. Please see the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study Site Concordance Table to match the ASM number(s) to the Tonto National Forest number(s).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. This table contains data from multiple sites with multiple features and associated strata. Thus, in this table, a stratum is identified by combining several numbering systems: an ASM site number, a colon, a feature number, and a stratum letter designation. EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in separate strata data tables. Please see the Schoolhouse Point Mesa Strata data tables at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394455 https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394457 https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394458 https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394376 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Armlet Frequency of the shell artifact type Armlet in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Bead/Pendant Frequency of the shell artifact type Bead and/or Pendant in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Container Frequency of the shell artifact type Container in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Debitage Frequency of the shell artifact type shell Debitage in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Earring Frequency of the shell artifact type Earring in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Geometric Frequency of the shell artifact type Geometric in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Lip spool Frequency of the shell artifact type Lip Spool in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Needle Frequency of the shell artifact type Needle in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Needle/Pendant Frequency of the shell artifact type Needle and/or Pendant in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Pendant Frequency of the shell artifact type Pendant in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Tinkler Frequency of the shell artifact type Tinkler in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 900 to 1450


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.012; min lat: 33.635 ; max long: -110.991; max lat: 33.662 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): Peter H. McCartney ; Ronna J. Bradley ; Judi L. Cameron ; J. Phil Dering ; Suzanne K. Fish ; Chris Loendorf ; Theodore J. Oliver ; Marcia H. Regan ; Christy G. Turner II ; Sheldon T. Watson ; Linda K. Williams

Lab Director(s): Arleyn W. Simon

Principal Investigator(s): Glen E. Rice ; Charles Redman

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Repository(s): Center for Archaeology and Society, Arizona State University

Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 8

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 37

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

Notes

General Note: The Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University stored and maintained the digital file(s) hosted on this record page as part of the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) digital collections. The data were stored in a single Excel file with multiple tabs. Each tab contained a data sheet that summarized the frequencies of a particular artifact class and/or type that was analyzed during the RPMS laboratory studies. The data sheets were standardized across the different project areas. To curate these data in tDAR, each tab was converted into a single Excel file. Each file contains the frequency data for a particular artifact class and/or type.

General Note: The Office of Cultural Resource Management and the Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University intended for the data sheets and the artifact categories in the sheets to remain consistent (i.e., standardized) across the sheets and across the different project areas. During the course of this curation project, several inconsistencies were identified in the artifact categories (i.e., column names). Where appropriate, minor wording, spelling, and/or word order changes were made to column headings to ensure standardization across artifact class and/or type names. For example, some data tables used the column names "Full-Trough Metate," "3/4-Trough Metate," "Slab Metate," etc., while others used the names "Metate, Full-Trough," "Metate, 3/4-Trough," "Metate, Slab." Center for Archaeology and Society and tDAR staff decided to ensure standardization to the "Metate, ..." column names.


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
shmesa_all_shell.xlsx 42.03kb Jan 23, 2015 1:29:51 PM Public
Translated version shmesa_all_shell_translated.xls (50.00kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America