POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, FTIR ANALYSIS, AND AMS DATING FOR 24GA493 (HORSE BUTTE PENINSULA SITE) AND AMS DATING AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS FOR 24GA416 (REAS PASS SITE), MONTANA

Summary

Sites 24GA493 (Horse Butte Peninsula Site) and 24GA419 (Reas Pass Site) are located

in Gallatin County, southwestern Montana. Excavations of these sites is part of an on-going

effort to re-license the Hebgen Reservoir development along the Madison River near West

Yellowstone. Pollen analysis was conducted on samples collected stratigraphically from the

Reas Pass Site (24GA419) to provide paleoenvironmental information for sediments from a

column that yielded a radiocarbon date of 8760 ± 20 BP near the base. In addition, pollen and

phytoliths were examined from several levels within a feature at this site, as well as from a

single piece of groundstone, in an effort to obtain information concerning plants that people

were processing. Macrofloral analysis of four levels within a single feature also was undertaken

to provide subsistence information concerning plant resources utilized by the site occupants.

The groundstone was examined for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared

Spectrometry (FTIR). Flaked lithics from both sites were extracted to recover protein residues

that might be identified to indicate what animals were killed or processed with these tools.

Cite this Record

POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, FTIR ANALYSIS, AND AMS DATING FOR 24GA493 (HORSE BUTTE PENINSULA SITE) AND AMS DATING AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS FOR 24GA416 (REAS PASS SITE), MONTANA. Linda Scott Cummings, Chad Yost, Kathryn Puseman, David V. Hill. 2007 ( tDAR id: 379528) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8BZ65H3

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