POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, FTIR ANALYSIS, AND AMS DATING FOR 24GA416 (REAS PASS SITE) AND POLLEN, PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR 24GA493 (HORSE BUTTE PENINSULA SITE), MONTANA

Summary

Sites 24GA416 (Reas Pass Site) and 24GA493 (Horse Butte Peninsula) and are located

in Gallatin County, southwestern Montana. Excavations of these sites is part of an on-going

effort to re-license the Hebgen Reservoir development along the Madison River near West

Yellowstone. Pollen analysis was conducted on samples collected stratigraphically from both

sites to provide paleoenvironmental information. Naturally occurring charcoal from columns at

both sites also were AMS radiocarbon dated. In addition, pollen, starch, phytoliths, and

macrofloral remains were examined from four levels of fill within a single hearth feature at

24GA416 to provide subsistence information concerning plant resources utilized by the site

occupants. A groundstone from 24GA416 that had fractured into two conjoining pieces was

examined for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR), as well

as for pollen, phytoliths, and protein residues. Flaked lithics from both sites were extracted to

recover protein residues that might be identified to indicate what animals were killed or

processed with these tools.

Cite this Record

POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, FTIR ANALYSIS, AND AMS DATING FOR 24GA416 (REAS PASS SITE) AND POLLEN, PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR 24GA493 (HORSE BUTTE PENINSULA SITE), MONTANA. Linda Scott Cummings, Chad Yost, Kathryn Puseman. 2008 ( tDAR id: 379606) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8B857ND

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