Archaeological Data Recovery at 38CH1473 A Christ Church Parish Slave Row

Author(s): Carol Poplin; Inna Burns

Year: 2004


"Brockington and Associates, Inc., conducted archaeological data recovery investigations at 38CH1473 between 16 March and 26 April 2000 as per the Data Recovery Plan submitted to the South Carolina State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) and the US Army Corps of Engineers-Charleston District (USACE). Historic property 38CH1473 is the remnants of a slave settlement in the Franke Home Tract, off Rifle Range Road (SC 51) in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina. During their work at adjacent site 38CH1471 (the John Whitesides settlement) Trinkley and Hacker (1996:4) observed that construction activities associated with the Lutheran Homes were inadvertently affecting portions of 38CH1473."

Cite this Record

Archaeological Data Recovery at 38CH1473 A Christ Church Parish Slave Row. Carol Poplin, Inna Burns. Mt. Pleasant, SC: Brockington and Associates, Inc. 2004 ( tDAR id: 390919) ; doi:10.6067/XCV86H4JNP

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections



Investigation Types
Archaeological Overview Consultation Data Recovery / Excavation Environment Research Heritage Management Historic Background Research Reconnaissance / Survey Site Evaluation / Testing Systematic Survey

Amethyst Bottle Glass Fragment Aqua Bottle Glass Fragments Blue Hand Painted Delft Brass Buttons Brick Fragments British Brown Stoneware Brown Salt Glazed Stoneware Burned Ceramics Burned Glass Fragments Center fire cartridges Ceramic Insulators Charcoal Chinese Porcelain Sherds Clear Bottle Glass Fragments Clear Machine Made Bottle Glass Coastal Plain Chert Colonoware Sherds Combed Slip Buffware Dark Core Retention Delftware sherds Dot and Trail Buffware Sherds Dot and Trail Redware Sherds Eroded Sand Tempered Sherds Flat Glass Frank Home Tract Gray Salt Glazed Stoneware Incised Colonoware Iron Kettle Fragments Iron Slag Kaolin Pipe Bowl fragments Kaolin Pipe Fragment Lead Glazed Stoneware Light Blue Bottle Glass Light Green Bottle Glass Metal Glass Fragments Mortar Olive Green Glass Bottle Fragments Red Bodied Slipware Residual Sherds Rimfire Cartridge River Burnished Colonoware Salt Glazed Stoneware Seaside Farms Tract Slipware Staffordshire Ceramics Table Glass Fragments Undecorated Slip Buffware Undecorated Slip Redware Unidentifiable Iron Fragments Unidentifiable Nails Westerwald ceramics Whiteside Plantation Whiteware Sherds Show More

Geographic Keywords
Lower Atlantic Coastal Plain Wando River

Temporal Keywords
Post-Contact Period Pre-Contact Period

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1660 to 1815 (Dateable range of ceramics at 38CH1473)

Calendar Date: 1885 to 1912 (Portion of the land owned by H.F.W. Breuer and subdivided and sold during the time span)

Calendar Date: 1881 to 1886 (Land owned and subdivided by Theodore Stoney)

Calendar Date: 1876 to 1881 (Land owned by B.H. Rutledge and then by Rosa Bryan (dates unknown))

Calendar Date: 1863 to 1876 (Land owned by Theodore Stoney)

Calendar Date: 1859 to 1863 (Land owned by Peter P. Bonneau)

Calendar Date: 1857 to 1859 (Land owned by B.J. Johnson)

Calendar Date: 1798 to 1798 (Plat showing 4 slave houses on John Whiteside's family plantation)

Calendar Date: 1857 to 1859 (Land owned by B.J. Johnson)

Calendar Date: 1859 to 1865 (Land owned by Peter P. Bonneau)

Calendar Date: 1853 to 1857 (Land owned by T.D. Wagner)

Calendar Date: 1752 to 1752 (Mean Ceramic Date of the site)

Calendar Date: 1762 to 1762 (Thomas Whiteside dies and leaves the Franke Home Tract to his wife (earliest found date regarding the property))

Calendar Date: 1804 to 1805 (Land sold by Jacint Laval to William Matthews)

Calendar Date: 1805 to 1816 (Land owned by Eliza Barksdale but sold during the period (unknown date) to John Walker/Daniel Joy)

Calendar Date: 1816 to 1834 (Land owned by Elizabeth Pickens)

Calendar Date: 1834 to 1845 (Western portion of the land owned by William Meree)

Calendar Date: 1845 to 1857 (Western portion of the land owned by Ann Venning)

Calendar Date: 1838 to 1853 (Eastern portion owned by the Whiteside family)

Calendar Date: 1853 to 1857 (Land purchased and combined together again by T.D. Wagner)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -80.08; min lat: 32.65 ; max long: -79.791; max lat: 32.864 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contributor(s): Inna Burns

Field Director(s): Carol Poplin

Principal Investigator(s): Ralph Bailey

Sponsor(s): Lutheran Homes of South Carolina

Prepared By(s): Brockington and Associates, Inc.


General Note: "Very little evidence of the retention of African cultural traditions is evidenced in the artifact assemblage from 38CH1473. Colonoware itself, is a slave made pottery and therefore by its very nature reflects the African heritage of the slaves. However, no distinct African cosmological symbols were identified on any of the vessels. On the other, only one vessel had a rim similar to those seen on European vessels. It is interesting that the copied form is North Devon gravel tempered ware, a utilitarian earthenware used primarily to manufacture milk pans. In addition, North Devon is an early ware manufactured between 1680 and 1720. Given the early occupation range for the site (1660-1815) it is very likely that the first slaves to arrive at this Christ Church plantation were directly from Africa. Unfortunately, the paucity of materials recovered from the site limit our ability to identify African cultural traditions that may be reflected in material and architecture."

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
franke-home-final.pdf 12.76mb Mar 28, 2013 2:05:27 PM Confidential
redacted-franke-home-final.pdf 11.93mb Jul 23, 2013 1:57:35 PM Public