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Lake Champlain Underwater Cultural Resources Survey - Volume VIII: 2003 Results and Volume IX: 2004 Results

Author(s): Adam I. Kane ; A. Peter Barranco ; Joanne M. DellaSalla ; Sarah E. Lyman ; Christopher R. Sabick

Year: 2007

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Summary

The introduction of zebra mussels in the early 1990s and the inevitable approaching infestation of quagga mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) seriously threaten Lake Champlain's underwater cultural resources. These non-native aquatic nuisance species endanger the preservation of submerged cultural resources, obscure them, and hinder their documentation and study. In studying this issue, the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum determined that one positive reaction to the situation would be to locate and document Lake Champlain’s previously unknown underwater cultural resources. Once this task is completed, it will then be possible to develop a comprehensive management plan for the sites.

A systematic lake-wide sonar survey to locate submerged resources, which began in 1996, was the first step in this multi-year project. This report on the 2003 and 2004 surveys is the fifth report in a series of volumes presenting the results of the Lake Champlain Underwater Cultural Resources Survey, also known as the Lake Survey.

The 2003 Lake Survey was undertaken in the section of Lake Champlain commonly referred to as the South Lake. Beginning at the Champlain Bridge connecting Shoreham, Vermont and Crown Point, New York, the survey covered the lake south to Whitehall, New York, including South Bay and portions of the Poultney River. Approximately 8mi2(20.72km2) of lake bed were surveyed during the field season and the remains of 46 vessels were identified. Nineteen of these sites were located in Vermont waters, while 27 were found in New York waters. The watercrafts represent a wide range of vessel types and eras, although the majority are standard, unrigged canal boats (n=27). Also represented are French Colonial Era warships (n=3), War of 1812 warships (n=3), unidentified vessels (n=7), railroad drawboats (n=2), scows (n=1), ferries (n=1), steamboats (n=1) and one canal sloop (n=1). Seventeen of the 46 vessels were first discovered during the 2003 Lake Survey, while 29 were previously known sites

The 2004 field season was devoted to continuing the archaeological survey of the Valcour Island Revolutionary War Battlefield and continuing to document sites found in 2003. Additionally, this report includes the NRHP nomination for the Sloop Island Canal Boat and the Multiple Property Registration Document for Lake Champlain canal boats. This volume was developed after extensive background research, fieldwork, and the collection of a wide range of primary and secondary sources. These investigations have been integrated into this comprehensive document, and provide information that can eventually contribute toward the management of Lake Champlain's underwater cultural resources.


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Cite this Record

Lake Champlain Underwater Cultural Resources Survey - Volume VIII: 2003 Results and Volume IX: 2004 Results. Adam I. Kane, A. Peter Barranco, Joanne M. DellaSalla, Sarah E. Lyman, Christopher R. Sabick. Vergennes, Vermont: Lake Champlain Maritime Museum. 2007 ( tDAR id: 391001) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8G73GBB


Keywords

Culture
Euroamerican Historic

Material
Building Materials Glass Metal Wood

Site Name
NYSM 11626 NYSM 11627 NYSM 11628 NYSM 11629 NYSM 11630 NYSM 11631 NYSM 11632 NYSM 11633 NYSM 11634 NYSM 11635 NYSM 11636 NYSM 11637 NYSM 11638 NYSM 11639 NYSM 11640 NYSM 11641 NYSM 11642 NYSM 11643 NYSM 11644 NYSM 11645 NYSM 11646 NYSM 11647 NYSM 11648 NYSM 11649 NYSM 11650 NYSM 11677 NYSM 11678 VT-AD-1018 VT-AD-1020 VT-AD-1021 VT-AD-1022 VT-AD-1023 VT-AD-1151 VT-AD-1342 VT-AD-1369 VT-AD-1370 VT-AD-726 VT-AD-727 VT-AD-728 VT-AD-730 VT-RU-262 VT-RU-263 VT-RU-265 VT-RU-316 VT-RU-567 Wreck A4: Standard Canal Boat Wreck A5: Canal Boat Wreck B4: Standard Canal Boat Wreck B5: Canal Boat Wreck C4: 1871 Drawboat Wreck C5: Canal Boat Wreck D4: Unidentified Wreck D5: Steamboat Reindeer Wreck E4: Ferry Montcalm Wreck E5: Canal Boat Wreck F4: Standard Canal Boat Wreck F5: Canal Boat Wreck G4: 1888 Drawboat Wreck G5: Canal Boat Wreck H4: Sailing Canal Boat Wreck H5: Canal Boat Wreck I4: Canal Boat Wreck I5: Canal Boat Wreck J4: Canal Boat Wreck J5: Canal Boat Wreck K4: Canal Boat Wreck K5: Canal Boat Wreck K7: Unidentified Wreck L4: Unidentified Wreck L7: British Sloop Boscawen Wreck M4: Canal Boat Wreck M7: French Sloop Wreck N4: Unidentified Vessel Wreck N7: French Gunboat Wreck O4: Canal Boat Wreck O7: Scow Wreck P4: Standard Canal Boat Wreck P7: Canal Boat Wreck Q4: Canal Boat Wreck Q7: Canal Boat Wreck R4: Canal Boat Side Wreck S4: Unidentified Wreck T4: Canal Boat Wreck U4: Unidentified Vessel Wreck V4: Unidentified Vessel Wreck W4: Unidentified Vessel Wreck X4: U.S. Row Galley Allen Wreck Y4: British Brig Linnet Wreck YYY: Standard Canal Boat Wreck Z4: U.S. Brig Eagle Wreck ZZZ: Standard Canal Boat


Spatial Coverage

min long: -73.636; min lat: 43.759 ; max long: -72.768; max lat: 44.984 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Arthur B. Cohn

Contributor(s): Arthur B. Cohn ; Frederick Fayette ; Christopher Fox ; Pierre A. LaRocque ; Scott A. McLaughlin ; Edwin R. Scollon ; Erick L. Tichonuk

Principal Investigator(s): Arthur B. Cohn

Sponsor(s): Lake Champlain Basin Program ; Vermont Division For Historic Preservation ; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Freeman Foundation ; Lintilhac Foundation ; New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission ; U.S. National Park Service ; Vermont Agency of Transportation ; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminstration's Office of Ocean Exploration ; Jane's Trust ; Leo Cox Beach Philanthropic Foundation

Repository(s): Nautical Archaeology Center at the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum

Prepared By(s): Lake Champlain Maritime Museum


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
lake_survey_2003_2004.pdf 19.35mb Apr 17, 2013 5:02:20 PM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America