Archaeological Data Recovery at Archaeological Sites 38DR60/81 and 38DR192: The Appian Way Development Tract
Archaeological data recovery investigations were conducted at 38DR60/81 between 9 November and 10 December 1999. Archaeological data recovery investigations were conducted at 38DR192 between 19 November 1999 and 14 January 2000. These investigations were conducted as per the Treatment Plan and Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between Sailford Land Company, L.L.C., the State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO), and the South Carolina Bureau
of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management (OCRM). The investigations were conducted in partial fulfillment of the stipulations of the MOA.
Site 38DR60/81 occupies 6.3 hectares (300 by 210 meters) in the 59.6 hectare Appian Way Development Tract. Site 38DR60/81 is the remains of the Ashley Phosphate Company's late-nineteenth-century mine, mill, and fertilizer works. The site is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) as a component of the Ashley River Historic District. The site was first systematically investigated during a survey of the Appian Way Tract (Bailey 1999). Investigators
recorded several intact features, including three brick-lined cisterns, numerous brick walls, and possible chimney bases. Bailey (1999) recommended preservation or data recovery at the site.
Data recovery investigations at 38DR60/81 focused on phosphate era artifact producing areas (e.g., houses, office, kitchen), and on the areas where colonial/antebellum atiifacts were concentrated to recover any intact deposits or features associated with the eighteenth to nineteenth century Childs
Plantation that may be present. During the data recovery investigations at 38DR60/81, investigators hand excavated 11 shovel tests and 14 meters through a combination of one 2 by 2 meter test unit and five 1 by 2 meter test units. Additional areas totaling approximately 80 meters2 were excavated
mechanically with a smooth bladed backhoe. Investigators conducted block excavation at the remnants of a structure (Structure 1) in the northern portion of38DR60/81. Structure 1 was a multiroom, single story building with a chimney and likely was the commissary used by the laborers at the phosphate works.
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Cite this Record
Archaeological Data Recovery at Archaeological Sites 38DR60/81 and 38DR192: The Appian Way Development Tract. Joshua N. Fletcher, Kristrina Shuler, Ralph Bailey. Brockington and Associates, Inc. 2003 ( tDAR id: 391031) ; doi:10.6067/XCV82808FH
Archaeological Feature • Cistern • Commercial or Industrial Structures • Mill • Milling Feature • Mine • Mine-Related Structures • Phosphate Mining • Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features • Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features
Data Recovery / Excavation
Eighteenth and nineteenth century
min long: -80.142; min lat: 32.818 ; max long: -80.02; max lat: 32.937 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Principal Investigator(s): Ralph Bailey
Landowner(s): Sailford Land Company, LLC (Dallas, TX)
Sponsor(s): Sailford Land Company, LLC (Dallas, TX)
Submitted To(s): South Carolina State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) ; South Carolina Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management (OCRM) ; South Carolina State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO)
Brockington and Associates, Inc., report number(s): 1230
General Note: Curation facility: South Carolina Department of Archives and History
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