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Archaeological Data Recovery at River Club (38BU880), Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina: A Study in Late Eighteenth/Early Nineteenth Century African American Lifeways

Author(s): Christopher T. Espenshade ; Linda Kennedy ; Marian Roberts

Year: 1993

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Summary

Archaeological data recovery investigations were carried out by Brockington and

Associates, Inc., at both the historic and prehistoric components of 38BU880, during July and August 1992. This work was conducted in compliance with Federal, State, and the Town of Hilton Head legislation regarding the impact to cultural resources as a result of development in the coastal zone of South Carolina. 38BU880 is located in the River Club development tract, adjacent to Broad Creek, on Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina. The proposed development of the River Club tract would have resulted in impact to site 38BU880. Mitigation of the potential adverse effects of this impact on

38BU8,80 was achieved through data recovery.

The investigations conducted in the prehistoric component of the site suggested that the potential trench feature exposed during testing was related to tree removal activities during the historic period. The investigations in the historic component exposed two tabby chimney bases, a variety of post holes/molds, and the remnant of a dirt floor. Two slave cabins are believed to be represented by the archaeological remains. Artifact analyses indicate that the structures were occupied between 1780 and 1820, when John Stoney, and then his son James Stoney, owned the Otter Hole Plantation.


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Cite this Record

Archaeological Data Recovery at River Club (38BU880), Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina: A Study in Late Eighteenth/Early Nineteenth Century African American Lifeways. Christopher T. Espenshade, Linda Kennedy, Marian Roberts. Brockington and Associates, Inc. 1993 ( tDAR id: 391054) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8N58N7H


Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1780 to 1820


Spatial Coverage

min long: -80.928; min lat: 32.147 ; max long: -80.538; max lat: 32.384 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contributor(s): Marian Roberts

Field Director(s): Linda Kennedy

Principal Investigator(s): Christopher T. Espenshade

Landowner(s): The Indigo Run Company (Hilton Head Island, South Carolina)

Sponsor(s): The Indigo Run Company (Hilton Head Island, South Carolina)

Submitted To(s): South Carolina State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO)


Record Identifiers

Brockington and Associates, Inc., report number(s): 0306

Notes

General Note: Curation Facility: The Coastal Discovery Museum, Hilton Head Island, South Carolina


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
river-club-38bu880-dr.pdf 26.47mb May 8, 2013 12:37:27 PM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America