Cultural Resources Survey and Testing at The Ponds


"Brockington and Associates, Inc., conducted an intensive cultural resources survey of

1,126 acres of The Ponds, located northwest of Summerville, Dorchester County, South Carolina,

in May through September 2005. These investigations involved background research, architectural

survey, systematic shovel testing, and visual inspection of the entire tract. Archaeologists returned

to conduct test investigations at portions of sites 38DR177 and 38DR239 in January and February

2006. This work was conducted in compliance with state and federal regulations concerning the

management of cultural resources affected through development activities in the Coastal Zone of

South Carolina. ...We recommend the development of a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between the

owners of The Ponds, the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, and the South

Carolina Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management to ensure the long-term protection and

management of Resource 103 1145 and sites 38DR87, 38DR177, 38DR185, 38DR187, 38DR239,

38DR241, 38DR243, 38DR245, 38DR246, 38DR247, and 38DR349. Resource 103 1145, the Ponds

House, will be adversely affected by the project. These adverse effects will be mitigated through a


documentation program developed and implemented in consultation with the South Carolina State

Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) as stipulated in the MOA."

Cite this Record

Cultural Resources Survey and Testing at The Ponds. Inna Burns, Allison Wind, Autumn Morrison, Jennifer Salo, Ralph Bailey, Laura Tedesco. Mt. Pleasant, SC: Brockington and Associates, Inc. 2008 ( tDAR id: 391216) ; doi:10.6067/XCV88S4R6X

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections



Investigation Types
Archaeological Overview Architectural Survey Collections Research Consultation Environment Research Heritage Management Historic Background Research Site Evaluation / Testing Systematic Survey

Aluminum Amber Bottle Glass Fragments Amethyst Bottle Fragment Annular Creamware Sherds Aqua Bottle Glass Fragments Aqua Flat Window Glass Asbestos Astbury Bail-Handle Baked Clay Isolate Barbed Wire Black Basalt Stoneware Bolts Bottle Glass Fragments Brass Gear Brick Fragments Brick Piers Burned Glass Fragments Buttons Canning Jars Carbon Battery Core Centerfire Cartridges Ceramic Pipe Ceramic Vase (Figurine) Chain Charcoal Chert Debitage Chert Flakes Chert Projectile Point Chert Shatter Chinese Blue Underglazed Porcelain Sherds Clam Coal Coastal Plain Chert Colonoware Sherds Concrete Cultural rock Cut Nails Decorated Yellowware DELFT Dentate Stamped Body Sherd Deptford Brushed Sherds Deptford Check Stamped Sherds Deptford Cord Marked Sherds Deptford Cross-Hatched Cord Marked Sherds Deptford Fabric Impressed Sherds Deptford Oemler Stamped Sherds Deptford Simple Stamped Sherds Flash Glass Grindstones Ground Slate Fragment Gun Flints Heat Treated Chert Flakes Horse Tooth Iron Can Fragments Iron Clothing Fastener Iron Fragments Iron Pocket Knife Ironstone sherds Iron Stove Hinge Kaolin Pipe Fragment Lithic Debitage McClellanville Cord Marked sherd Metavolcanic Flakes Milk Glass Fragments Mississippian Complicated Stamped Sherds Mississippian Projectile Points Mortar Nuts Olive Green Glass Bottle Fragments Orthoquartzite Oyster Shell Pearlware Sherds Petrified Wood Plain Sherds Plastic Porcelain Ceramics Quartz Biface Fragments Quartz Flake Red Clay Pipebowl Refuge Bold Incised Sherds Refuge Dentate Stamped Sherds Refuge Fine Incised Sherds Refuge Finger Impressed Sherds Refuge Medium Incised Sherds Refuge Reed Punctate Sherds Refuge Scraped Sherds Residual Sherds Rimfire Cartridge Screws Shotgun Shells Slag Slate Spikes Square Nails St. Catherine Cord Marked Sherds St. Catherine Fabric Impressed Sherds Staples Stoneware Sherds Table Glass Fragments Thom's Creek Punctate Sherds Thom's Creek Simple Stamped Sherds Tubular Glass Beads Unglazed Redware Sherds Washers Wilmington Check Stamped Sherds Wilmington Fabric Impressed Sherds Wilmington Net Impressed Sherds Window Glass Wire Wire Nails Show More

Geographic Keywords
Dorchester (County)

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1818 to 1890 (Tract A owned by John Christopher Gottfried Schulz and heirs)

Calendar Date: 1861 to 1865 (The American Civil War - Schulz joins the Confederacy and fights in several skirmishes as an officer)

Calendar Date: 1892 to 1911 (Land owned in it's entirety by Edward Lotz)

Calendar Date: 1890 to 1892 (Land divided into 4 tracts and sold)

Calendar Date: 1860 to 1860 (Estimated date of construction of the Schulz Plantation home)

Calendar Date: 1912 to 2008 (Land owned by the Simmons family)

Calendar Date: 1719 to 1740 (Estimated date of inland rice field construction)

Calendar Date: 1682 to 1723 (Land granted to Andrew Percival and heirs)

Calendar Date: 1750 to 1765 (Estimated date of repairs to the rice field)

Calendar Date: 1709 to 1709 (Percival's son, Andrew, added 400 acres to the tract which would become know as Weston Hall)

Calendar Date: 1715 to 1716 (Weston Hall served as a fort during the Yamasee War)

Calendar Date: 1723 to 1788 (Land owned by the Donning Family)

Calendar Date: 1765 to 1785 (A portion of the Pond tract owned by Daniel Doyley)

Calendar Date: 1796 to 1818 (Northwestern and Northeastern portions of the Pond tract owned by Colonel John Glaze)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -80.776; min lat: 33.028 ; max long: -80.139; max lat: 33.313 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): John Morgan; Therese Monroe; Andrew Bleckley; Anna Montgomery; Daryl Cobb; James Arthur; Kevin Shoemake; Mitchell Bohannen; Jonathan Leader

Contributor(s): Charles F. Phillips Jr.; Ed Salo; Eric D. Sipes; Laura Tedesco; Jack Kornahrens; Henry S. Burden; Annette Switzer; Lillian Franks; Hayward Hudson; Debbie Engleman; James Boyle; Clarence Clarke; Becky Johnston; Susannah Munson; Paul Zloba; Mallory L. Chambliss Jr.; David Dellenbach; Jessica Downs; Brian Falls; Suzanne Johnson; Scott Kammerzell; Jimmy LeFebre; Chris Maisey; Erik Mischker; Arianna shackle; Nicole Isenbarger; Damon Jackson; Merritt Sanders; Allison Wind; Inna Burns; Ralph Bailey; Jennifer Salo; Autumn Morrison

Lab Director(s): Emily Jateff

Sponsor(s): Greenwood Development Corporation

Prepared By(s): Brockington and Associates, Inc.


General Note: "...We recommend sites 38DR186, 38DR240, 38DR242, and 38DR244, and the isolated finds (Isolates 1 21) not eligible for the NRHP. Further management of these four sites and the isolated finds is not warranted. We recommend sites 38DR87, 38DR177, 38DR185, 38DR187, 38DR239, 38DR241, 38DR243, 38DR245, 38DR246, 38DR247, and 38DR349 potentially eligible for the 164 NRHP. Each of these sites may contain significant buried subsurface deposits of cultural material. Construction activities within The Ponds should be designed to avoid these potentially significant sites. If land-disturbing activities cannot avoid any or all of these sites, then the sites that are recommended potentially eligible will be tested to determine their NRHP status. During the testing phase of the project, we will evaluate each site’s eligibility on its own merits as well as contributing elements to possible historic districts that may be contained within the project tract. One architectural resource (Resource 103 1145) was documented within The Ponds (see Figure 1). Resource 103 1145 is a vernacular double-pile house with some Georgian and Queen Anne design elements, constructed circa 1860. The house is a two-story, frame, rectangular-shaped building with a one-story rear L-wing. This resource is an excellent example of the adaptation of residential architectural styles during the nineteenth century. It retains many of its character-defining features and is associated with an important historical theme for the area, agriculture. Current development plans call for the rehabilitation of this building to serve the new Ponds Plantation community. ..."

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
the-ponds-final-report.pdf 152.52mb Jun 17, 2013 2:09:11 PM Confidential
redacted-the-ponds-final-report.pdf 49.94mb Jun 19, 2013 11:15:45 AM Public

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Contact(s): Jonathan Leader