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Architectural Survey of the Proposed Williston Bypass, Barwell County, South Carolina, And Archaeological Survey of the Proposed U.S. 78 Improvements, Aiken to Elko, Aiken and Barnwell Counties, South Carolina

Author(s): C.S. Butler ; M. Virginia Markham

Year: 1995

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Summary

"This study was carried out as part of planning for improvement of Highway U.S. 78 in Aiken and Barnwell Counties. The report describes results of background and archival history research, intensive architectural resources and archaeological survey. Much of the archival research relating to the Williston area was previously conducted in 1992 and included the study by Butler and Poplin (1992b). The archival research included a review of the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) listings located at the Department of Archives and History, examination of historic maps of the region curated at the South Caroliniana Library (University of South Carolina), and a search of local history sources at the Aiken, Barnwell, and Bamberg County Libraries. Local and regional sources were reviewed to identify persons and/or events significant in local or regional history which could be associated with sites or historic resources located within the project corridor."


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Cite this Record

Architectural Survey of the Proposed Williston Bypass, Barwell County, South Carolina, And Archaeological Survey of the Proposed U.S. 78 Improvements, Aiken to Elko, Aiken and Barnwell Counties, South Carolina. C.S. Butler, M. Virginia Markham. Atlanta and Charleston: Brockington and Associates, Inc. 1995 ( tDAR id: 391647) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8DZ09JM


URL: http://artsandsciences.sc.edu/sciaa/


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -81.921; min lat: 33.31 ; max long: -81.267; max lat: 33.743 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina

Contributor(s): C.S. Butler ; M. Virginia Markham ; Roger Lewis ; Wayne Roberts ; James Hill ; Tasha Benyshek ; Joey Charles ; Mike Reynolds ; Alison Sluss ; David Diener

Lab Director(s): Connie Huddleston

Principal Investigator(s): Paul E. Brockington

Sponsor(s): South Carolina Department of Transportation

Prepared By(s): Brockington and Associates, Inc.

Submitted To(s): RUST Environment and Infrastructure of North Carolina, Inc.


Notes

General Note: "No previously recorded sites were located within the project corridor. Examination of the South Carolina State Site Files showed seventeen sites recorded by previous researchers within 3500 ft (1067 m) of the project corridor (Figures 4 and 10). The seventeen sites identified during the present study diverge considerably from the pattern indicated by the previously recorded sites. Previous researchers encountered both prehistoric and historic site types in similar numbers. The present survey recorded a greater number of historic site types than prehistoric site types. Table 6 shows this comparison. This discrepency may be due to the fact that over half of the present project survey corridor occurred adjacent to existing U.S. 78; historic sites would be expected to occur adjacent to a source of transportation and commerce."


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Brockington-1995.pdf 7.24mb Nov 8, 2013 9:49:04 AM Public
Redacted-Brockington-1995.pdf 7.00mb Nov 8, 2013 9:49:05 AM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America