Islamic Trade and Entrepots in the Second Millennium Philippines Archipelago
Author(s): John Peterson
The spread of Islamic influence throughout Island Southeast Asia and into the Philippines Archipelago was rapid and extremely effective in the second millennium AD. This model of colonization utilized down-the-line and proxy trading through Taosug and Iranun raiders as well as by the establishment of entrepôts established through intermarriage and local exchange. Power flowing through horizontal networks cemented regional networks and exported an extensive power structure into an otherwise acephalous, dispersed, and disconnected lineage and socio-political structure. The Islamic imprint on the region linguistically, with terms for power such as rajah and data, into the region was enduring and highly successful in competition with hierarchical European models of colonization. Islamic nodal trade networks spread a distinctive material culture and cultural practices such as wet-rice agriculture that were rapidly adopted within two hundred years of the advent of Spanish settlements in the region and remain highly resilient and adaptive.
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Islamic Trade and Entrepots in the Second Millennium Philippines Archipelago. John Peterson. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394903)
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