Interaction and Ethnic Boundaries in the Lurin valley: Yauyos and Yschmas in the archaeological record

Author(s): Carla Hernandez Garavito

Year: 2015


The Peruvian central coast is widely known in the archaeological literature as the locus of small polities that co-existed in environments of limited resources through cooperation and competition. However, most archaeological research has been greatly influenced by ethnohistoric accounts which populated the Late Intermediate Period in the Andes with a number of warring societies, and not on direct archaeological evidence. Recent research points towards a more complex scenario, in which the Inka Empire played a key role in shaping these societies into the chiefdoms recorded by the written sources.

In this presentation, I will focus on the Lurin valley, in the central coast of Peru, where the lowlands where inhabited by the Yschma, a chiefdom-level group organized around the central oracle of Pachacamac. On the upper valley, the Yauyos were considered as foreign invaders that encroached on the Yschma lands and were later allied to the Inka. This presentation builds on a continued program of research in the Yauyo territory, focusing on the material correlates of the Yauyos in their core region, possible indexes of interaction with their coastal neighbors, and the ultimate role of the Inka Empire in defining the ethnic boundaries and relationships between Ychsmas and Yauyos.

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Cite this Record

Interaction and Ethnic Boundaries in the Lurin valley: Yauyos and Yschmas in the archaeological record. Carla Hernandez Garavito. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395024)


Lurin Yauyos Yschma

Geographic Keywords
South America

Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;