Entangled Encounters in the Central Andes: Process, Outcome and Legacy

Part of: Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015)

While the term hunter-gatherer refers to a mode of subsistence, disparate cultures fitting these economic criteria have traditionally been grouped together despite variation in demography, mobility, foraging behavior, and sociopolitical organization. This diversity is primarily known from ethnographic data and most investigations of hunter-gatherers tend to build detailed pictures of human society through ethnographic analogy rather than archaeological evidence. To take additional steps toward documenting the range of diversity in forager lifeways, this session is designed to honor and draw inspiration from Robert Kelly's The Foraging Spectrum. Its central goals are to contribute to anthropological theory generally, and archaeological methods specifically, by examining the range of variability in prehistoric foragers extending beyond the ethnographic record. Individual papers cover a broad array of geographic areas and time periods and draw upon topics raised in Kelly's original work. This explicit use of new archaeological data, methods, and theories will highlight novel forms of foraging and social systems available only in the deep past.

Other Keywords
andesCeramicsRitualLate Intermediate PeriodsettlementResourcesEthnicityExchangeWarfareChancay

Geographic Keywords
South America

Resources Inside This Collection (Viewing 1-9 of 9)

  • Documents (9)

  • Entangled Encounters between the Chancay and Chaupiyunginos in the Huanangue Valley, Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kasia Szremski.

    This paper builds off of recent calls to re-evaluate Murra’s model of verticality and explores the utility of entanglement theory as an alternative way to understanding the different relationships that developed between groups living on the western slopes of the Peruvian Andes during the Late Intermediate Period (1100-1470 CE). Entanglement theory is increasingly being used in Old World archaeology to examine the complex types of interdependencies that develop between groups when exotic goods...

  • Entangled Encounters in the Wari World: Coast-Highland Interactions during the Middle Horizon as revealed by the archaeological and bioarchaeological investigations in the Castillo de Huarmey, North-Central Coast of Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Milosz Giersz. Patrycja Przadka Giersz. Wieslaw Wieckowski.

    Wari (600-1050 AD) was the first pre-Hispanic political organization that succeeded in the consolidation of vast lands in the central Andes into one multi-ethnic, cultural, and linguistic realm, creating the conditions of a mini world system. The products and networks of exchange connected heterogeneous populations from distinct parts of the empire, which political complexity was reflected in a variety of styles, due to the co-existence of local traditions, with production that imitated foreign...

  • Ethnic interaction and settlement composition at Huacramarca (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Rafael Vega-Centeno.

    The Late Intermediate Period (LIP) is usually considered as the time of ethnic diversity in the Central Andes and representations of ethnic boundaries in maps illustrate this scenario. However, these representations offer a synchronic perspective of ethnic configuration as a consequence of their reliance on XVI Century sources. Nevertheless, Andean chronologies demonstrate that the LIP covers more than 500 years (from AD. 900 to 1450) in which several dynamic phenomena including expansion,...

  • Expansión de la Cerámica Chancay en el valle de Checras en la Sierra Norte de Lima (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Aldo Noriega.

    La presente investigación brinda los primeros resultados de los trabajos exploratorios de excavación llevados a cabo en el sitio arqueológico de Tupish, localizado en el valle de Checras, en la sierra norte de la región Lima en Perú. Encontrándose evidencia cronológica relativa de su ocupación cultural que abarcaría de manera discontinua desde el periodo formativo medio hasta la época Inca. Esta convergencia cronológica y foránea mostraría indicios de los intercambios culturales o influencias...

  • Forming bonds in the Late Intermediate Period Huaura Valley and central coast of Peru (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Allen Rutherford.

    This paper will examine the ceramic forms from excavated contexts at Cerro Colorado de Huacho, Huaura Valley, Peru in order to address conflict, cooperation, and exchange on the central coast of Peru in the Late Intermediate Period (LIP) (AD 1000-1450). Though dominated by Chancay black-on-white and Lauri impressed ceramic styles, the range of diversity in forms from Cerro Colorado is sizable. The diversity of these forms from will be compared and contrasted to ceramics from contemporaneous...

  • Ideología y rituales de lluvia compartidos por los yungas del Período Cerámico Inicial (1,600 a.C.) y las poblaciones serranas del presente en la cuenca del Rímac, Costa Central del Perú. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonathan Palacios Linares.

    Investigaciones en el sitio arqueológico La Explanada de Unión-Ñaña, ubicado a 772 msnm, en las laderas del cerro La Parra en Ñaña, margen norte del valle del Rímac. Permitieron vislumbrar inadvertidas modalidades de culto, en el extenso macizo que configura el cerro La Parra, santuario de montaña del Período Inicial (1,600 a.C.) en el valle medio del Rímac. Las excavaciones, revelaron rituales propiciatorios, que evocan los rituales en uso, en la vecina población altoandina de San Antonio de...

  • Interaction and Ethnic Boundaries in the Lurin valley: Yauyos and Yschmas in the archaeological record (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Carla Hernandez Garavito.

    The Peruvian central coast is widely known in the archaeological literature as the locus of small polities that co-existed in environments of limited resources through cooperation and competition. However, most archaeological research has been greatly influenced by ethnohistoric accounts which populated the Late Intermediate Period in the Andes with a number of warring societies, and not on direct archaeological evidence. Recent research points towards a more complex scenario, in which the Inka...

  • The onset of warfare and access to diverse resources in the late Early Horizon-Early Intermediate Period (ca. 300 BC-AD 100) (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret Brown Vega. Nathan Craig.

    The formation of economically specialized communities in the coastal valleys of Peru by the late Archaic (3000 BC) has long been accepted. Specialized groups exchanged products with each other, negotiating both local and more far-flung exchange networks by the Initial Period (ca. 1800-900 BC). By the end of the Early Horizon (ca. 300 BC) communities in coastal and inland valley areas built numerous fortifications, suggesting conflict or preparations for defense that must have changed interaction...

  • Travelers Stones. Highland and Coastal Interactions in Late Ritual Contexts at Pachacamac. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter Eeckhout.

    During the 2014 field campaign, the Ychsma Project (Université Libre de Bruxelles) has uncovered a small building decorated with murals in the Second Precinct of the site of Pachacamac, Central Coast of Peru. The floors of the building were covered with hundreds of various offerings, including many stones. These stones have shapes, colors and overall look very different from those present in the local geology. The study of the archaeological context and origin of these stones offers a new and...