Small, But Not Insignificant: Human Subsistence, Ecology, and Land Use on Anacapa Island, California
Anacapa Island (2.9 km2) is the second smallest of California’s Channel Islands and has limited freshwater and terrestrial biodiversity. Called ‘Anayapax, a word meaning deception or mirage, by the Chumash, archaeologists have long speculated that the island was occupied seasonally or as a stopover by people based on the mainland or other islands. Here, we focus on our recent archaeological research at CA-ANI-2 and other Anacapa sites. Occupied between about 3130 and 2750 cal BP, CA-ANI-2 contains diverse faunal and artifact assemblages, including the remains of whales, pinnipeds, deer from the mainland, a variety of marine fishes, and unique chipped stone and bone tools. Stable oxygen isotope data suggest that mussels deposited at CA-ANI-2 were harvested during all seasons of the year. When placed in the context of other archaeological sites on Anacapa and Santa Barbara islands (2.6 km2), these data suggest that, despite their small size and perceived marginality, both of these islands played an important role in larger Native America interaction spheres and settlement/subsistence systems.
SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.
Cite this Record
Small, But Not Insignificant: Human Subsistence, Ecology, and Land Use on Anacapa Island, California. Torben Rick, Leslie Reeder-Myers, Kenneth Gobalet, Nicholas Jew, Thomas Wake. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395064)
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
min long: -125.464; min lat: 32.101 ; max long: -114.214; max lat: 42.033 ;