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Izapa’s industrial hinterland: the eastern Soconusco mangrove zone during Archaic and Formative times

Author(s): Timothy Garfin ; Sachiko Sakai ; Marx Navarro Castillo ; Paul Burger ; Hector Neff

Year: 2015

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LiDAR coverage of a portion of the eastern Soconusco mangrove zone due south of Izapa has identified nearly 300 archaeological mounds within an area of 56 sq km. The vast majority of these mounds contain Formative period deposits. Surface and subsurface investigation indicate a major movement of people into the zone around 1600 BC, followed by population growth through the Late Early Formative (Cuadros phase). Middle through Terminal Formative (900 BC through AD 200) deposits consist of superimposed firing features and abundant coarse pottery inferred to have been used in the production of salt. The Late and Terminal Formative peak in industrial activity within the mangrove zone coincides with the apogee of monumental activity and, presumably, population, at Izapa.

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Izapa’s industrial hinterland: the eastern Soconusco mangrove zone during Archaic and Formative times. Hector Neff, Paul Burger, Sachiko Sakai, Timothy Garfin, Marx Navarro Castillo. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395212)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -107.271; min lat: 12.383 ; max long: -86.353; max lat: 23.08 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America