Transisthmian Ties: Epi-Olmec and Izapan Interaction
Beginning with Matthew Stirling, who in 1943 opined that "Izapa appears to be much more closely related to the earth-mound sites of southern Veracruz … than it does with sites in the Maya area," scholars have postulated ties of varying strength between Late Formative polities on either side of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Ceramic similarities have been noted between southern Chiapas and the Gulf Coast, but discussion of Late Formative transisthmian interaction has focused primarily on sculptural similarities between Izapa and sites of the lower Papaloapan basin, especially including Tres Zapotes. Indeed, Michael Coe suggested that the Izapan art style may have originated on the Gulf Coast rather than on the Pacific slope. In this paper we re-examine Late Formative interaction between Izapa and Epi-Olmec polities with an expanded data set based on recent iconographic studies and archaeological investigations in and around Tres Zapotes.
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Transisthmian Ties: Epi-Olmec and Izapan Interaction. Christopher Pool, Michael Loughlin. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395215)
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min long: -107.271; min lat: 12.383 ; max long: -86.353; max lat: 23.08 ;