Izapa’s Hinterland: the use of Lidar mapping to examine the layout and spatial orientation of secondary centers in the Soconusco region, Chiapas, Mexico
We analyze the settlement layout patterns and orientations of major buildings at eight Middle and Late Formative period sites that fall within Izapa’s hinterland. Our previous examination of Izapa’s layout, using high-resolution Lidar maps, confirmed the observations of earlier researchers that the site had a dual orientation: N-S aligned to the volcano Tacaná and E-W to winter solstice sunrise. This dual orientation led to an off-square (97degrees) layout of the site during the Late Formative period, and perhaps dates even earlier to the Middle Formative. New Lidar mapping of the Izapa’s hinterland provide accurate plans of individual mound orientations along with complete layout patterns for eight major sites. These new Lidar maps show that these secondary centers have layouts that are very similar to Izapa’s pattern, but they also reveal significant orientation adjustments to both the volcano Tacaná and to solstice sunrise locations on the distant horizon. These data show the pervasive significance of the duality of sacred mountains and solar movements in the cosmology of the ancient peoples of the Soconusco.
SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
- Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015) •
- New Perspectives on the Izapa State
Cite this Record
Izapa’s Hinterland: the use of Lidar mapping to examine the layout and spatial orientation of secondary centers in the Soconusco region, Chiapas, Mexico. Michael Blake, Robert M. Rosenswig, Nicholas Waber. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395219)
min long: -107.271; min lat: 12.383 ; max long: -86.353; max lat: 23.08 ;