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Folsom Adaptations to Bison Hunting: a comparison of Northern and Southern Plains arroyo trap kills

Author(s): Kristen Carlson

Year: 2015

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Summary

The purpose of this research is to compare and contrast Paleoindian arroyo trap bison kills on the Southern plains to analogous sites on the Northern plains to investigate the transition from opportunistic hunting to organized hunting under different environmental regimes. Analyses to address this problem include: Stable isotopes of bison bone to aid in environmental reconstruction; radiocarbon dates to determine the antiquity of the sites being compared; and the seasonality of the kill event to relate hunting organization to bison behavior and trace element analysis to reconstruct bison mobility patterns. This research provides new perspective on the transition from passive, opportunistic hunting of large game to active, organized hunting of bison herds that developed during the early Paleoindian period in North America.

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Folsom Adaptations to Bison Hunting: a comparison of Northern and Southern Plains arroyo trap kills. Kristen Carlson. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395224)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
North America - Plains


Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.95; min lat: 30.751 ; max long: -97.163; max lat: 48.865 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America