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Methodological Considerations for Examining the "Slave Diet" at Colonial Wine Producing Estates in Nasca, Peru

Author(s): Brendan Weaver ; Lizette Munoz

Year: 2015

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Summary

The 2012-2013 season of the Haciendas of Nasca Archaeological Project focused on the recovery of material correlates of domestic production, consumption, and discard from two Jesuit coastal haciendas, San Joseph and San Xavier, where the majority of the labor was enslaved and of African descent. Our systematic analysis of macrobotanical remains and sediment samples aimed at branching our understanding of: a) colonial foodways beyond the Native Andean/European dichotomy, as several years of incorporation into a flourishing global economy had been underway by the time the Jesuits acquired the properties in the early 17th C; and b) the impact of the use of dry screening vs. flotation as processing techniques that yield different results with regards to quantity and quality of the materials recovered. The results of dry screening demonstrate that the enslaved population of San Xavier and San Joseph consumed fully domesticated animal and plant species of both New and Old World origin that either grew within or around the haciendas or that could be obtained through market transactions. Flotation results, on the other hand, were more sensitive to the presence of wild species.

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Methodological Considerations for Examining the "Slave Diet" at Colonial Wine Producing Estates in Nasca, Peru. Lizette Munoz, Brendan Weaver. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395624)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America