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Environmental Change and the Neolithization of Southeast Europe: a Bulgarian perspective

Author(s): Maria Gurova ; Clive Bonsall

Year: 2015

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Summary

Any discussion of Neolithization of the part of the Balkan Peninsula that lies within the territory of Bulgaria has to confront two seemingly long-established and incontrovertible ‘facts’ – the abrupt appearance of a fully developed Neolithic ‘package’ c. 6100/6000 cal BC, and the virtual archaeological ‘absence’ of a pre-Neolithic (Mesolithic) substratum. This paper focuses on two inadequately discussed aspects of the ongoing debate surrounding the spread of farming across SE Europe: 1) the environmental potential of the region for pre-Neolithic hunter-gatherer settlement against the background of substantial climate and vegetational change during the Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene, and 2) the appearance of a distinctive raw material (‘Balkan Flint’) and toolkits that are one of the hallmarks of the supra-regional Karanovo I–Starčevo–Criş–Körös cultural complex.

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Environmental Change and the Neolithization of Southeast Europe: a Bulgarian perspective. Maria Gurova, Clive Bonsall. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395692)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
Europe


Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America