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Geoarchaeological and environmental studies in the Basin of Mexico

Author(s): Emily McClung De Tapia

Year: 2015

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Summary

Environmental studies associated with prehispanic settlements in the Basin of Mexico were originally focussed on studies of agricultural potential and productivity, based on ethnographic assessments of essentially modern conditions. However, archaeologists were limited in their access to techniques developed in earth and biological sciences. Niederberger's research at Zohapilco in the southern Basin represents one of the earliest "geoarchaeological" approaches in which a concerted effort to combine diverse paleoenvironmental studies with traditional archaeological excavation. However, similar investigations are infrequent in the region. The urban sprawl of Mexico City and adjacent political entities threatens archaeological evidence, particularly related to preceramic and Formative period occupations. This presentation summarizes some of the early studies that provide the background to new approaches to the recovery of evidence for prehispanic environmental conditions in the Basin to set the stage for more recent work that builds on new methodological approaches and techniques.

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Geoarchaeological and environmental studies in the Basin of Mexico. Emily McClung De Tapia. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396072)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -107.271; min lat: 12.383 ; max long: -86.353; max lat: 23.08 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America