From Kebara to KwaZulu-Natal: Integrating Micromorphology and Mineralogical Analyses in the Study of Diagenesis in Combustion Features
Since the 1990’s, Paul Goldberg’s micromorphological analyses at Kebara and Hayonim Caves (Israel) as well as his collaborative efforts to understand chemical diagenesis in caves have served as benchmarks for the high-resolution study of Paleolithic combustion features. This paper highlights the results of micromorphology, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy and microscopic x-ray diffraction measurements, which were employed together order to understand different diagenetic pathways that impacted combustion features at the sites of Sibudu (KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa), Diepkloof Rockshelter (Western Cape, South Africa) and Üçağızlı Cave I (Hatay, Turkey). At Sibudu, phosphate- and sulfate-bearing minerals were identified in the field using portable FTIR analyses of loose sediment samples. The impacts of these minerals on both the physical and chemical preservation of combustion features were addressed using microcontextual analyses. At Diepkloof, mineralogical analyses indicate that burning activities likely impacted secondary sulfate minerals in underlying deposits. Finally, at Üçağızlı Cave I, micromorphological observations of variability in the degree of post-depositional cementation of ashes were corroborated using infrared measurements.
SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.
Cite this Record
From Kebara to KwaZulu-Natal: Integrating Micromorphology and Mineralogical Analyses in the Study of Diagenesis in Combustion Features. Susan Mentzer, Christopher Miller. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396277)
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
min long: -18.809; min lat: -38.823 ; max long: 53.262; max lat: 38.823 ;