New 3D Map of the Templo Mayor Architecture, a Symbol of Mexica Cosmology and Political Power with Teotihuacan Tradition

Author(s): Leonardo López Luján; Saburo Sugiyama

Year: 2015


The 3D map of the Great Temple complex has been elaborated in 2007-2014 with detailed features of thirteen overlapping architectural stages. We first analyze and describe visually each stage calculating dimensions and orientation of the main pyramid complex. Enlarging process gradually changing the spatial distribution and orientations of the temple complex will be discussed in terms of native perspective of cosmology and expanding political power. The E-W orientation and symbolic architecture have been interpreted in relation to astronomical movements and cosmology; however, these hypothetical interpretations need to be reanalyzed with more precise, detailed, and comprehensive map we are creating three-dimensionally for the first time. Our paper also focuses on a new aspect, possible measurement unit or units used by Mexica at the Templo Mayor precinct. Historical references and propositions made by previous studies of Mesoamerican measurement units including those of Teotihuacan will be applied to the new site map to define Mexica standard units. Finally symbolic significance, particularly dichotomy of the Sun/Moon, Dry/Wet, Warfare/Fertility, Male/Female, etc. relating to South/North directionality, integrated in the twin temple of the Templo Mayor will be explored as Teotihuacan tradition representing expanding political force of the Mexica Empire.

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Cite this Record

New 3D Map of the Templo Mayor Architecture, a Symbol of Mexica Cosmology and Political Power with Teotihuacan Tradition. Saburo Sugiyama, Leonardo López Luján. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396541)


Geographic Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -107.271; min lat: 12.383 ; max long: -86.353; max lat: 23.08 ;