The Gásir Market and the Möðruvellir Farm: A Cross-Disciplinary Approach to the History of Human Ecodynamics in High Medieval Iceland
This paper reconciles the results of the long-term Gásir and Hinterlands Project with the underpinnings of historical research of the area. The harbor and trade site complex at Gásir and the monastic estate at Möðruvellir were central areas in the region. Zooarchaeological/environmental data from these sites and hinterlands sites suggest that Hörgá Valley as closest supplier of animal products, may have changed its livestock management strategies, potentially to partake in increasing internationally oriented exchange. Archaeological data from Hörgá Valley farming sites, from the Siglunes fishery in Siglufjörður, and the central sites will be evaluated. Historical data will provide a general idea of site status, land ownership, and livestock numbers.
Evidence from both disciplines serve to address the following research questions:
1) Can the historical evidence together with the zooarchaeological/environmental evidence demonstrate sustainability of Hörgá Valley farming economy?
2) Is it possible to evaluate the degree of the economic effect that international exchange had on the economy in comparison with the size of peasant subsistence farming?
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The Gásir Market and the Möðruvellir Farm: A Cross-Disciplinary Approach to the History of Human Ecodynamics in High Medieval Iceland. Ramona Harrison, Árni Daníel Júlíusson. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397011)
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min long: -178.41; min lat: 62.104 ; max long: 178.77; max lat: 83.52 ;