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Technological variability in ceramics of the Neolithic to Early Bronze Age transition at Phaistos, Crete: an integrated approach

Author(s): Simona Todaro ; Roberta Mentesana ; Vassilis Kilikoglou ; Peter M. Day

Year: 2015

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Summary

Since the Final Neolithic, Phaistos hosted consumption events leaving deposits of pottery and animal bones, and was a pottery production location from at least the earlier phases of the Early Bronze Age (EBA). A recent re-examination of this important site has produced not only a Neolithic-EBA sequence unrivalled in Crete, but also a deep understanding of the ceramics, tracing change and continuity over this key time of transition, which some have seen as a transformation with an exogenous origin. In order to investigate change over this time, a substantial programme of analysis by thin section petrography, SEM, FTIR and pXRF has been carried out to investigate the dynamics of technological choices made in pottery manufacturing over time and to intertwine that information with the contexts of consumption of the site. By integrating macroscopic observation with an analytical protocol, it aims to reconstruct the operational sequence of pottery manufacture. This is integrated with a recent investigation of raw material availability in the area in the context of major geomorphological transformation. The results present a complex picture of continuity and change in pottery manufacture and their relation to consumption practices and architectural transformation at the site.

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Technological variability in ceramics of the Neolithic to Early Bronze Age transition at Phaistos, Crete: an integrated approach. Roberta Mentesana, Peter M. Day, Vassilis Kilikoglou, Simona Todaro. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397058)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America