Archaeological Visibility at Stélida, Naxos: Identifying Activity Hubs at a Palaeolithic Chert Quarry in the Cyclades
This paper details the methodology used by the Stélida Naxos Archaeological Project (SNAP) to distinguish primary activity areas within a Palaeolithic chert quarry. This work is undertaken in a challenging artifact-rich landscape that has undergone significant post-depositional modification through various environmental factors and anthropogenic disturbance.
The two-year non-invasive survey involved walking numerous transect lines to produce a broad-stroke impression of artifact density, which were followed by intensive grid collections in recognized ‘hot-spots’. This strategy was supplemented by grab samples of key diagnostic pieces discovered outside of the standardized collection units. Chert outcrops were mapped and sampled to gauge variability in the raw materials. Degree of slope and vegetation cover were recorded throughout, together with noting ‘artifact trap’ locations such as historic terrace walls and donkey paths, along with all instances of human disturbance including bulldozed tracks, clay pits, and buildings.
These systematically documented data are then interrogated using GIS weighted overlay tools and other spatial analysis techniques in an attempt to analyse post-depositional effects and map areas of Lower and Middle Palaeolithic activity (quarrying, tool production). The paper offers some preliminary conclusions, and charts alternative and supplementary techniques that will be employed in the future.
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This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
- Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015) •
- Chert Sourcing Case Studies Part II: Landscape Distribution and Prehistoric Societies.
Cite this Record
Archaeological Visibility at Stélida, Naxos: Identifying Activity Hubs at a Palaeolithic Chert Quarry in the Cyclades. Sean Doyle, Tristan Carter, Daniel Contreras. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397264)
min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;