tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Analysis of the state of preservation and determination of raw material of Gravettian mammoth ivory personal ornaments (Dolní Věstonice, Czech Republic) using Micro Computed Tomography

Author(s): Tomáš Zikmund ; Martina Láznicková-Galetová ; Jozef Kaiser ; Marie Šejnohová

Year: 2015

» Downloads & Basic Metadata

Summary

This poster examines the utilization of non-destructive and non-invasive microCT analysis to identify raw materials used to fabricate Gravettian artifacts, assess their current state of conservation and work out a procedure for treatment of artifacts in a problematic state of preservation.

Raw materials and manufacturing technology of Gravettian personal ornaments from Dolní Věstonice (Czech republic) made from hard animal tissues, such as mammoth ivory, can only be identified using the microCT analysis non-destructive analyses because these objects represent rare and unique cultural relics protected by the state. The preserved mammoth ivory objects from this period, both mammoth tusks as the primary raw material for products and the products themselves, are often found in a very problematic state of conservation. The current final form of artifacts, which differs from the original one due to modifications performed, has stereotypically been borrowed by authors of individual publications. The objects discovered thus live their second life. In order to analyze how they were manufactured, what was their purpose and how they were possibly used in past societies it is necessary to reconstruct the original form of the artifacts.

SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Analysis of the state of preservation and determination of raw material of Gravettian mammoth ivory personal ornaments (Dolní Věstonice, Czech Republic) using Micro Computed Tomography. Martina Láznicková-Galetová, Tomáš Zikmund, Marie Šejnohová, Jozef Kaiser. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397835)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
Europe


Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America