Migration Terminus? Late Pleistocene/and Early Holocene Archaeology at Rock Creek Mortar Shelter, Upper Cumberland Plateau, Tennessee
Rock Creek Mortar Shelter (40Pt209), in Pickett State Forest on the Upper Cumberland Plateau of Tennessee, possesses a more or less continuous 11,600 year occupation history. This history may be consistent with previous ideas of first colonization of upland rock shelter zones at the end of the Younger Dryas with significant climatic amelioration. However, we have not yet encountered culturally sterile deposits and believe the site may be older still. We focus here on the late Pleistocene and early Holocene components paying particular attention to unifacial and blade tool technology, use-wear analysis, and depositional history. Variability in blade production during the late Pleistocene deposits suggests a residentially mobile family group. It could also represent the colonizers’ struggles with adapting a blade tool technology to the locally abundant small, rounded Monteagle chert cobbles. We present our current understanding of the site based in our field work through January 2015.
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Migration Terminus? Late Pleistocene/and Early Holocene Archaeology at Rock Creek Mortar Shelter, Upper Cumberland Plateau, Tennessee. Jay Franklin, Maureen Hays, Frédéric Surmely, Lucinda Langston, Ilaria Patania. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 398012)
North America - Southeast
min long: -91.274; min lat: 24.847 ; max long: -72.642; max lat: 36.386 ;