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Geospatial Analysis of Cedar Mesa Settlement Patterns

Author(s): Kendall McGill

Year: 2015

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Summary

Settlement pattern analyses published by Matson, Lipe, and Haase (1988) contributed basic understandings of the distribution of the many small dispersed sites in the Cedar Mesa area of SE Utah, and of the environmental factors that influenced these settlement behaviors. This project applies geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing techniques to supplement their settlement pattern study and gain additional insight into Ancestral Pueblo occupation of the region. Processing and analyzing satellite imagery produced maps of individual environmental characteristics believed to be influential in site selection. Overlaying resulting maps with archaeological site data discerned associations between environmental factors and site location. Using combinations of maps and locations of necessities (e.g. water source), a cost-path analysis identified favorable settlement regions. Future comparison of the cost-path output and recorded site locations will serve as the foundation for developing a predictive model of site locations on Cedar Mesa.

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Cite this Record

Geospatial Analysis of Cedar Mesa Settlement Patterns. Kendall McGill. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 398304)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
North America - Southwest


Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America