Dolores Archaeological Program Technical Reports, DAP-083: Excavations at LeMoc Shelter (Site 5MT2151), a multiple-occupation Anasazi site
Author(s): Patrick Hogan
LeMoc Shelter (Site 5MT2151) is a small, stratified site on the south-facing slope of the Dolores River canyon. During excavation of the shelter by the Dolores Archaeological Program, the remains of five successive Anasazi occupations that date to between A.D. 750 and 950 were discovered. During the earliest documented occupation, which dates to the late Sagehill Subphase (A.D. 750-780), the shelter appears to have been occupied year-round by a nuclear family or small extended family. The next clearly defined occupation occurred during the late Dos Casas and early Periman Subphases-- between A.D. 840 and 860 . Again, the shelter appears to have served as a permanent residence. In this case, however, the simultaneous use of a pithouse and a surface habitation suggest that an extended family was the basic residential unit
Following an occupation hiatus, the site was reoccupied sometime between A.D. 875 and 890--the Grass Mesa Subphase. During this period, the shelter apparently served as a seasonal farming station. Presumably, the main residence was located at Grass Mesa Village (Site 5MT23).
The last two occupational episodes suggest short-term use of the shelter as a camp from which wild resources were procured . Both of these episodes are assigned to the Cline Subphase and date to approximately A.D. 920-930 and A.D. 930-950, respectively. Between A.D. 950 and 1150, the shelter appears to have been used only rarely .
Cite this Record
Dolores Archaeological Program Technical Reports, DAP-083: Excavations at LeMoc Shelter (Site 5MT2151), a multiple-occupation Anasazi site. Patrick Hogan. Dolores Archaeological Program Technical Reports. Salt Lake City, Utah: U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Upper Colorado Region. 1983 ( tDAR id: 398455) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8C82CZ1
5MT2151 (LeMoc Shelter)
Abajo Red-on-orange • Bluff Black-on-red • Ceramics • Chapin Black-on-white • Chapin Gray • Cortez Black-on-white • Deadmans Black-on-red • Dolores Corrugated • Early Pueblo Gray • Early Pueblo Red • Early Pueblo White • Flaked Lithic Debitage • Flaked Lithic Tools • Late Pueblo Red • Late Pueblo White • Mancos Black-on-white • Mancos Corrugated • Mancos Gray • Mano • Mesa Verde Corrugated • Metate • MIdden • Moccasin Gray • nonflaked lithic tools • Piedra Black-on-white • Unworked nonhuman bone
Calendar Date: 950 to 1150
Calendar Date: 875 to 890
Calendar Date: 750 to 780
Calendar Date: 920 to 950
Calendar Date: 840 to 860
min long: -108.604; min lat: 37.465 ; max long: -108.483; max lat: 37.592 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Principal Investigator(s): David A. Breternitz
Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 8-07-40-S0562
General Note: As of April 2015, this and additional reports are hosted on the US Bureau of Land Management, Dolores Archaeological Program website; http://www.blm.gov/co/st/en/fo/ahc/dolores_archaeological/dap_technical_reports.html
General Note: Those listed as contributors in the individual & institutional roles section are the authors of the accompanying appendices for this report.
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