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The Archaeology of Alamo Lake, Arizona: A Cultural Resources Sample Survey

Author(s): David A. Gregory

Year: 1988

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Summary

During July and August of 1987, Statistical Research conducted a cultural resources survey of approximately 2400, acres, located in and around Alamo Dam and Reservoir and within the property administered by the Los Angeles District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. During the survey.,44 archaeological sites and eight isolated, non-site occurrences of cultural materials were discovered and recorded. Other environmental data relevant to the interpretation of cultural resources within the study area were also collected.

The environmental characteristics of the study area are reviewed, and consideration is given to the effects of human modifications of the environment upon cultural resources within the study area. Previous research and the general culture history of the area are reviewed. The survey design and the methodologies employed during the survey are discussed and the general results of the survey are summarized. The constituent components of individual sites are described and illustrated, and the sites and isolated occurrences recorded during the survey are described in detail.

Data from previous surveys are reviewed and integrated with the more recently collected information. The nature of the current sample of materials from the study area is summarized and evaluated, and the available data are assessed in terms of three general problem domains: site variability and site function, chronology and cultural affiliation, and factors influencing site location and distribution. Site variability is dealt with in terms of a series of morphological site types derived from the characteristics of the sites in the site inventory; the functional implications of those types are assessed. Temporal placement and cultural affiliation of the sites are analyzed with reference to a number of diagnostic features and artifact attributes. Basic patterns in site location and site distribution are identified and discussed. Recommendations are presented concerning future research in the area and the National and State Register status of documented sites.


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Cite this Record

The Archaeology of Alamo Lake, Arizona: A Cultural Resources Sample Survey. David A. Gregory. Statistical Research Technical Series ,13. Tucson, AZ: Statistical Research, Inc. Press. 1988 ( tDAR id: 401042) ; doi:10.6067/XCV83T9K1P


Keywords

Culture
Archaic Historic Historic Native American Walapai? Yavapai?

Material
Aquarius Brownware Brownware Buffware Ceramic Chalcedony Chert Chipped Stone Gila Bend Plainware? Gila Bend Redware Gila Plainware Glass Gray Chalcedony Ground Stone Jasper Limestone Lower Colorado Buffware Metal Mineral Obsidian Parker Buffware Parker Stucco Plainware Quartz Quartzite Redware Rhyolite? Silicified Limestone Tizon Brownware Topoc Buffware? White Quartz

Site Name
AZ M:10:10, ASM AZ M:10:11, ASM AZ M:10:12, ASM AZ M:10:13, ASM AZ M:10:14, ASM AZ M:10:15, ASM AZ M:10:16, ASM AZ M:10:17, ASM AZ M:10:18, ASM AZ M:10:19, ASM AZ M:10:20, ASM AZ M:10:21, ASM AZ M:10:22, ASM AZ M:10:23, ASM AZ M:10:24, ASM AZ M:10:25, ASM AZ M:10:26, ASM AZ M:10:27, ASM AZ M:10:28, ASM AZ M:10:29, ASM AZ M:10:30, ASM AZ M:10:31, ASM AZ M:10:32, ASM AZ M:10:33, ASM AZ M:10:34, ASM AZ M:10:35, ASM AZ M:10:36, ASM AZ M:10:37, ASM AZ M:10:38, ASM AZ M:10:39, ASM AZ M:10:40, ASM AZ M:10:41, ASM AZ M:10:42, ASM AZ M:10:43, ASM AZ M:10:44, ASM AZ M:10:9, ASM AZ M:11:2, ASM AZ M:11:3, ASM AZ M:11:4, ASM AZ M:11:5, ASM AZ M:14:1, ASM AZ M:14:2, ASM AZ M:14:3, ASM AZ M:14:4, ASM

Site Type
Anvil Stone Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Cache Cairn Cave Chipping Station Hearth? Intaglio Intaglio / Geoglyph Isolated Artifact Lithic Scatter Parallel Rock Alignment Pit Quarry Quartz Trail Marker Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Roasting Pit Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Rock Art Rock Pile Rock Ring Rock Shelter Sleeping Circle Trail Trail Marker


Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.629; min lat: 34.221 ; max long: -113.445; max lat: 34.382 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Paula Pflepsen

Contributor(s): Deni J. Seymour ; Dawn Snell ; Gary Funkhauser

Prepared By(s): Arizona State Parks ; Statistical Research, Inc.

Submitted To(s): Los Angeles District, U. S. Army Corps of Engineers


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Cultural-resources-sample-survey-of-Alamo-Lake.pdf 6.86mb Dec 7, 2015 1:14:11 PM Confidential
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Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Paula Pflepsen

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America