tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

An early Gravettian point cache from Vale Boi: implications for the arrival of Anatomically Modern Humans to southern Iberia

Author(s): Nuno Bicho ; João Marreiros ; João Cascalheira ; Mussa Raja

Year: 2016

» Downloads & Basic Metadata

Summary

During the 2014 and 2015 field season, we have excavated a new loci with an early Gravettian horizon in the Rock Shelter area of the site of Vale Boi, Southern Portugal. The loci is marked by a unique cache composed of close to 20 artifacts, most of which are pristine backed points in non-local chert. Due to typological characteristics, that includes points identical to those found in Pego do Diabo cave near Lisbon, and to those found in Vale Boi dated to 32.5 ka cal BP, as well as to the stratigraphical position and absolute depth of the finds, this cache is likely to be one of the earliest Gravettian occupations in southern Iberia. A series of AMS samples will be dated to confirm the estimated chronology of the cache.

In this paper, we will discuss the importance of such a find, including technology, typology, raw material and use wear studies in addition to zooarchaeological and geoarchaeological analyses, for the arrival of first Anatomically Modern Humans to southern Iberia just prior to the H3 event.


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

An early Gravettian point cache from Vale Boi: implications for the arrival of Anatomically Modern Humans to southern Iberia. Nuno Bicho, João Marreiros, João Cascalheira, Mussa Raja. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 403203)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
Europe


Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America