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Microstratigraphic study of the Neolithic Alepotrypa Cave, Mani, Greece

Author(s): Panagiotis Karkanas

Year: 2016

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Summary

Alepotrypa cave is one of the few examples of deep caves being intensively occupied throughout its extension during the Neolithic of Greece. The study of the microstructure and the microstratigraphy of the sediment revealed that the front entrance chambers consist of occupational deposits characterized by constructed clay surfaces and occupational debris. In addition to the several burials, frequent reorganization of the space in the form or fillings, leveling and resurfacing has resulted to intensive reworking of the deposits. The deposits of the interior chambers of the cave are quite different. They are mainly characterized by extensive and relatively thick smoldered dung-rich deposits often interbedded with thin clay constructed surfaces. The burnt dung deposits are rather transported by the occupants stabling deposits that consequently were burnt in situ in the back chambers. Their association with large amounts of fine pottery and probably burial remains might have to do with some kind of ritual or other not yet identified cultural practices. The final abandonment of the cave is probably associated with the partial collapse of the entrance of the cave and is associated with the capping of the sequence with widespread speleothem formations on the ground.


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Microstratigraphic study of the Neolithic Alepotrypa Cave, Mani, Greece. Panagiotis Karkanas. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 403880)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
Europe


Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America