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The Role of Bronze Age People in the Post-Bronze Age Landscape: An Integrated Geoarchaeological Approach to Site Formation at Mycenae, Greece

Author(s): Daniel Fallu ; Justin Holcomb

Year: 2016

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Summary

While human-landscape interaction has been a key question in the archaeology of early complex societies, little research has focused on the effect of occupation on the landscape post-abandonment. At Mycenae, a Late Bronze Age citadel in southern Greece, two distinct deposits, one anthropogenic and one natural, were identified as covering archaeological remains dating to the 12th century, B.C. Here, we present an integrated method combining micromorphology, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), and X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) analyses intended to target local environmental change during a period of abandonment associated with the Early Iron Age. Bulk samples and thin sections from 1.3 m of these two deposits were taken at 5 cm intervals and analyzed in order to record changes in microstructure, mineralogy and elemental proportions resultant from changing environmental conditions and soil formation. Through this approach, we hope to answer two key questions: How did the intensive occupation of Mycenae during the Bronze Age predetermine the eventual site formation during the Early Iron Age, and to what extent did the natural environment dictate change? By investigating multi-scale processes of post-abandonment site formation, we hope to shed light on the long-term impact of human-landscape interaction during a key transition in Greece.


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The Role of Bronze Age People in the Post-Bronze Age Landscape: An Integrated Geoarchaeological Approach to Site Formation at Mycenae, Greece. Daniel Fallu, Justin Holcomb. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 404993)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
Europe


Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America