Upper Republican and Apishapa Interaction on the High Plains

Author(s): Thomas Huffman; Frank Lee Earley

Year: 2016


On the High Plains of North America, geographical separation and cultural isolation were not the same phenomena. Upper Republican and Apishapa archaeological units, for example, represented separate ethno-linguistic groups, but they were not isolated. Apishapa pottery at the Wallace site (Upper Republican) and Upper Republican pottery at Cramer (Apishapa) demonstrate reciprocal interaction. We argue that the calumet ceremony facilitated this interaction, rather than residential mobility. Furthermore, the calumet network provided a foundation for multicultural residences in settlements such as Cramer that served both defensive and economic purposes. Among other things, multi-colored lithics, Black Forest silicified wood, and Upper Republican-derived Barnes pottery mark summer (Barnes) and winter (Buick) hunting camps attached to semi-permanent residences in the Arkansas River valley.

Cite this Record

Upper Republican and Apishapa Interaction on the High Plains. Thomas Huffman, Frank Lee Earley. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 405036)

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Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.95; min lat: 30.751 ; max long: -97.163; max lat: 48.865 ;