Nineteenth Century Race, Gender, and Consumerism in Virginia

Author(s): Lori Lee

Year: 2016


This paper uses historical and archaeological evidence to which consumer goods were available to enslaved men and women in nineteenth century Virginia. At the scale of local markets and stores, supply and variable adherence to laws constrained which goods were available to slaves who were able to purchase or trade for them. By comparing purchases of enslaved African Americans with purchases of whites at the same store, I assess which goods were accessible to each group. I use archaeological data to evaluate the relative significance of various goods. Then I consider what choices among these goods by men and women reveal about needs, desires, opportunities, and risks.

Cite this Record

Nineteenth Century Race, Gender, and Consumerism in Virginia. Lori Lee. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 405384)

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Geographic Keywords
North America - Mid-Atlantic

Spatial Coverage

min long: -84.067; min lat: 36.031 ; max long: -72.026; max lat: 43.325 ;