Archaeological Investigations of the Eastwing Terminal Mitigation Project, Maricopa County, Arizona

Summary

The purpose of this report is to disseminate all relevant information concerning the recent investigation of two sites situated northwest of Phoenix and in the south-central part of Arizona. Limited field excavation and archival research reveal that the Marinette Canal (NA18,267) may have been fed by well water, local runoff, and the seasonal flow of the Agua Fria River. This historic canal was built in 1910 by Mr. R.P. Davie and the Marinette Canal and Land Company. It heads along Calderwood Butte and extends almost 10 km southward toward the present community of Sun City, Arizona.

Most of the present investigation was undertaken at the Eastwing site, a late Colonial-early Sedentary Hohokam village situated across an old stream terrace of the lower Agua Fria River valley. This site was initially established and subsequently maintained by cultivating corn in an adjacent akchin field and exploiting a wide variety of locally available biotic and abiotic resources. The abandonment of this agricultural village is hypothesized to correlate with a climatic shift to xeric conditions and a corresponding emphasis on canal irrigation systems, which characterize the agricultural activity of the northern Salt River Valley between about A.D. 1000 and A.D. 1250.

This is a draft report with notations within the text and margins.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Investigations of the Eastwing Terminal Mitigation Project, Maricopa County, Arizona. James B. Rodgers, Jannifer W. Gish, Kenneth J. Lord. 1985 ( tDAR id: 427162) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8427162

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 700 to 1020 (Calendar dates form C14)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.309; min lat: 33.673 ; max long: -112.286; max lat: 33.703 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): Donald E. Weaver, Jr.

Repository(s): Salt River Project, Tempe, AZ

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1985_Rodgers_ArchaeologicalInvestigationsEastwing_OCR_PDFA.pdf 103.39mb Feb 5, 2017 Mar 9, 2017 12:36:07 PM Confidential
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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager