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Mount Rainier’s Oldest Artifact: Temporally and Geographically Contextualizing Early Microblade Technology

Author(s): Emma Holm

Year: 2017

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The temporal distribution of archaeological sites bearing differing microblade technologies in North America suggests that microblade technology spread from what is today central Alaska onto the Alaskan Panhandle and the British Columbia coast before extending across the continent’s western territory. By the end of the early Holocene, microblade technology had reached present-day Southern California. In 2007, excavations at the Buck Lake open-air site in Mount Rainier National Park revealed a microblade core located in pre-Mount Mazama strata and several microblades located in younger stratigraphic layers. These artifacts provide new data on the southern temporal and geographic scope of microblade technology, but they have yet to be included in major considerations of the distribution of this technology. This paper examines similarities between the Buck Lake microblade core and other lithic artifacts in the Buck Lake assemblage, particularly those which are associated with the earliest occupation of the site, as well as how the technological and stratigraphic characteristics of the Buck Lake core compare to microblade technology at other southerly located sites.

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Mount Rainier’s Oldest Artifact: Temporally and Geographically Contextualizing Early Microblade Technology. Emma Holm. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 428911)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -169.717; min lat: 42.553 ; max long: -122.607; max lat: 71.301 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16332

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America