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Population Aggregation at the Early Bronze Age Settlement of al-Lajjun, Kerak Plateau, Jordan

Author(s): Jennifer Jones

Year: 2017

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Summary

The University of Minnesota Duluth Project is working at al-Lajjun to understand the initial period of population aggregation in the southern Levant. At this time, settlements of 5-10,000 people, some with fortification walls, developed. The economic and political organization of these larger groups of people, whether hierarchical or heterarchical, competitive or cooperative, embedded in or separate from kin groups is under debate. Our research seeks to add to this discussion by detailing the intrasite location of craft production and the distribution of architectural features at one such 3rd millennium site. Al-Lajjun is unburied by later settlement so the visibility of artifacts and architectural features offer a valuable space within which to experiment with intensive site survey and GIS mapping techniques.

During our initial season, we identified two areas inside the fortification wall with concentrations of lithic debitage and established the feasibility of extensive artifact mapping. In our second season, we mapped and recorded at least 100 domestic and non-domestic architectural features visible on the surface of the site. Next steps include excavation to understand the function and sequence of occupation of the various structures and additional intensive survey to map the distribution of craft production across the site.


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Population Aggregation at the Early Bronze Age Settlement of al-Lajjun, Kerak Plateau, Jordan. Jennifer Jones. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429229)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: 25.225; min lat: 15.115 ; max long: 66.709; max lat: 45.583 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16120

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America