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LATE PRE-COLONIAL CIRCULAR VILLAGES IN THE BRAZILIAN STATE OF ACRE

Author(s): Sanna-Kaisa Saunaluoma

Year: 2017

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Summary

The archaeology of Acre has been widely drawing the attention of the scientific community due to the discovery of an ancient civilization building geometric earthworks labeled "geoglyphs". In the course of field surveys realized at the geoglyph sites other types of archaeological sites were documented as well, including sites consisting of small artificial earthen mounds arranged in a circular form. At first, the mound sites were also classified as geoglyphs, but through the recent fieldwork it became clear that they represented a distinct type of archaeological site, with features, contents, and functions differing noticeably from the geoglyphs. Initial surveys conducted at sites featuring circles of approximately 1,5 m high mounds around a central open space with a diameter of roughly 100 m, indicated a feasible residential use of the mounds for the late pre-Colonial period. Ethnographic circular villages are known in central Brazil and in southern Amazonia, and are associated with the Gê and Arawak ethno-linguistic groups. In these regions, as well as in central Amazonia, archaeological sites comprising vestiges of circular plaza settlements have been recorded, but until now they were not acknowledged in southwestern Amazonia.


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LATE PRE-COLONIAL CIRCULAR VILLAGES IN THE BRAZILIAN STATE OF ACRE. Sanna-Kaisa Saunaluoma. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429513)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
South America


Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16788

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America