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When Archaeology Meets History: Documenting the Conquest and Transition Period at Pachacamac, Peru.

Author(s): Estelle Praet ; Peter Eeckhout ; Milton Lujan Dávila ; Sylvie Byl

Year: 2017

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Traditional accounts of the conquest of Peru are well known and universally accepted: in 1535, Francisco Pizarro – who had arrived two years earlier – decided to create a new capital in the neighbouring Rimac river valley, which would one day become the current city of Lima. In order to achieve this, Pizarro forcibly displaced all the contemporary inhabitants of Pachacamac, leaving this major Inka pilgrimage site completely abandoned.

However, new finds recovered during the 2016 excavations at Pachacamac are raising questions about this traditional view. Several pages of Spanish text written on parchment pages, dating to the 16th Century AD, have been discovered. The pages were found in caches in building B4, and had been deliberately torn up.

It clearly indicates a hitherto unrecognised continuity of occupation and building construction at Pachacamac in the early 16th century. A horseshoe, along with horse and donkey bones, were also unearthed in the same building.

In this paper we discuss the original occupation and use of B4, as well as its transformation in early Colonial times.

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Cite this Record

When Archaeology Meets History: Documenting the Conquest and Transition Period at Pachacamac, Peru.. Estelle Praet, Peter Eeckhout, Milton Lujan Dávila, Sylvie Byl. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429607)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15368

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America