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A Study on Trade and Behavior through the Analysis of Exotic Lithic Debitage and Artifacts at the Tule Creek Site (CA-SNI-25), San Nicolas Island, California.

Author(s): David Sosa ; Nicolas Jew ; Renè Vellanoweth

Year: 2017

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Summary

This study examines lithic debitage and artifacts on exotic raw materials from the Tule Creek Village (CA-SNI-25), a late Holocene site (3500 cal BP to the Mission Era) and one of the last occupied villages (500 BC – 1700 AD) on San Nicolas Island. In contrast to the shell bead trade off the island, little is known about what materials were brought to the island. Excavations yielded over 100 lithic artifacts from two significant components at CA-SNI-25 with the majority consisting of imported obsidian, chert, and soapstone. In this study, we compare the attributes of the lithic debitage to the formal artifacts made on nonlocal raw materials found at the site. Results suggest that the Nicoleño acquired finished artifacts as part of a large and intricate trade network.


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Cite this Record

A Study on Trade and Behavior through the Analysis of Exotic Lithic Debitage and Artifacts at the Tule Creek Site (CA-SNI-25), San Nicolas Island, California.. David Sosa, Nicolas Jew, Renè Vellanoweth. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429661)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -125.464; min lat: 32.101 ; max long: -114.214; max lat: 42.033 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 17546

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America