Fire on the mountain: roasting pits in the Sheep Range on the Desert National Wildlife Refuge
Author(s): Spencer Lodge
Within the Sheep Range in southern Nevada, I identified more than 200 roasting pit features with Google Earth, and subsequently recorded 193 of them. A color change that turns local dolomite and limestone white following exposure to high temperatures during use in an earth oven allowed these features to standout in aerial imagery. Following documentation of these features, roasting pit distribution was analyzed according to midden size and vegetative community throughout the Range to identify patterns of use. Additional statistical analysis was performed to test the usefulness of aerial identification in zones with dense tree cover (Pinyon/Juniper). Finally, experimental work with limestone and dolomite from the Sheep Range was conducted to determine the temperature at which these materials change color. X-ray diffraction was used as well on tested rocks to identify material type and elemental makeup.
Cite this Record
Fire on the mountain: roasting pits in the Sheep Range on the Desert National Wildlife Refuge. Spencer Lodge. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429931)
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min long: -122.761; min lat: 29.917 ; max long: -109.27; max lat: 42.553 ;
Abstract Id(s): 16670